Shahin Tehran F.C.
Shahin Tehran Football Club (Persian: باشگاه فوتبال شاهین تهران, romanized: Shāhīn meaning Falcon), also spelled Shaahin or Shaheen, from 1973 to 1979 known as Shahbaz (Persian: شهباز, romanized: Shahbāz, meaning Shahbaz), is an Iranian football club based in Tehran, Iran. Shahin A.C. is located at East of Tehran in the Narmak neighborhood (Golestan Street). Shahin was the most popular clubs in Iran before the 1960s and it had a rivalry with Taj Tehran. Their match was the most important derby of Iran at the time. Shahin F.C. was dissolved in 1967 for political reasons. The club was revived again after the Iranian Revolution in 1979. Due to the Iran–Iraq War, the national league was not held during the 1980s, however, Shahin was one of the strongest teams in the provincial league of Tehran.
|Full name||Shahin Tehran Football Club|
|Founded||1942, as Shahin ; 75 years ago|
1973, as Shabaz ; 44 years ago
1979, as Shahin ; 38 years ago
|Ground||Shahid Shiroudi Stadium|
|League||Tehran Province league|
|2013–14||Tehran Province league, 8th|
They currently compete in the Tehran provincial league.
در هوا چند معلق زنی و جلوه کنی
ای کبوتر نگران باش که شاهین آمد
In the air, you will rotate a few times with glory;
oh pigeon, be worried, Falcon is on its way.
اول اخلاق، دوم درس، سوم ورزش
First ethics, second education, third sports.
Shahin became a prominent club in Iran and formed other teams for its sub-clubs Oghab FC, Shahbaz FC, Darius FC, Simorgh FC, Atom FC, and Pirooz FC. The club also produced many famous Iranian players such as Masoud Boroumand, Homayoun Behzadi and Mehrab Shahrokhi.
Shahin FC, without any doubt was the most popular football club in the history of Iranian football. Shahin produced many talented players like Parviz Dehdari, Masoud Boroumand, Homayoun Behzadi, Jafar Kashani, Hossein Kalani, Hamid Shirzadegan, and many more that played for Team Melli. These talents made Shahin popular in the 1960s but its very popularity was viewed as a threat by the Iran Football Federation and the Keihan Varzeshi newspaper (Iran's most important sports publication at the time). The conflict between them became worse and on July 9, 1967, two days after Shahin's 3–0 win against Tehranjavan F.C., the Iran Sports Organization declared Shahin F.C. as dissolved. League attendance dropped and other clubs including Pas Tehran, Rah Ahan, and Oghab tried to sign Shahin players.
Despite the efforts to sign and disperse Shahin players to various clubs, Parviz Dehdari, newly appointed manager of Persepolis F.C., and Masoud Boroumand persuaded most Shahin players to join Persepolis and granted the popularity of Shahin to Persepolis.
In 1973 Shahin F.C. decided to come back but returned with the name of its former third team Shahbaz F.C. and participated in Takht Jamshid Cup professional soccer League. Shahbaz F.C. was leading the league in the 1978–1979 season which was unfinished due to Iranian Revolution in 1979. After the revolution, the club reverted to its original name, "Shahin", and was one of the top teams of in Iranian football during the 1980s.
In 2009/10 Shahin was competing in the third ranked 2nd Division successfully until the last stage, when they failed to be promoted to the Azadegan 1st Division. In 2010/11 Shahin kept its place in the 3rd Division.
In 2011/12 Shahin finished last in its group and therefore is relegated to the provincial league for 2012/13.
Branches and affiliated clubsEdit
Shahin F.C. had several attached teams and branches under the name and license of Shahin F.C. in different cities of Iran, including Shahin Bushehr F.C. (est. 1942), Shahin Ahvaz F.C. (est. 1948) and Shahin Isfahan F.C.(est. 1953). In 1967 due to the political problems that arose in the Shahin F.C. organization, the other teams were forced to cease operations as well. Some had to deactivate for a period of time, while other teams renamed and continued under different names.
Persepolis F.C. started the 1968 season with Parviz Dehdari as manager. Despite the efforts to sign and disperse Shahin players to various clubs, Parviz Dehdari and Masoud Boroumand transferred the popularity of Shahin to Persepolis F.C. by taking most Shahin Players to join Persepolis. Persepolis F.C. using four Shahin players, had a friendly match with Jam Abadan, a respected team at the time. After the match the remainder of the Shahin players joined Persepolis. Although Shahin Tehran established in a new team under the name of Shahbaz, it was failed to get back its popularity again.
Shahin Isfahan F.C. changed its name to Sepahan F.C.. The club is one of the representatives of Isfahan Province in Takht Jamshid Cup national league. The team now plays under the name of Foolad Mobarakeh Sepahan, and has been able to attain a respectable fan base in its hometown.
Shahin Bushehr is one of the most popular clubs of Iran. After years of history and competing in different levels of the Iranian football league system, including a 1994–95 appearance in the top division and several years in the second level, Shahin Bushehr was renamed Shahin Pars Jonoubi Bushehr in 2007 and promoted to IPL in 2009. The club is now owned by Pars Special Economic Energy Zone, based in Asalouyeh, Bushehr Province and currently competes in the 2nd Division after being relegated from Azadegan League in 2013.
Shahin Ahvaz F.C. was founded in 1948 and was one of Shahin Tehran F.C. branches at the time. The golden years of Shahin Ahvaz F.C. were in the 1980s when the team won its very first "Hazfi cup" after defeating Persepolis Tehran in the semi-finals and then Malavan Anzali in the final game. This winning made them qualify to the Asian Club Championship. They currently compete in the Provincial Leagues.
Colours and crestEdit
The usual home kit includes a white shirt, black shorts, and white socks. The away kit of the club is commonly with a black background.[clarification needed]
Takht Jamshid CupEdit
- Third place: 1976/77
- Leader: 1978/79 (in autumn 1978 the season was canceled due to the political uprisings, which ended with the Iranian Revolution in February 1979)
Tehran Football LeagueEdit
- Winner (3): 1951–52,1958–59,1965–66
- Runner-up (8): 1948–49, 1949–50, 1947–48, 1949–50, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1985_86,1986_87
Tehran Hazfi Cup (Record)Edit
- Winner (5): 1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1962–63, 1980–81
- Runner-up (3): 1952–53, 1956–57, 1957–58
- Third place: 1979
Current Exuctive Director:Alireza Kushanfar
The table below chronicles the achievements of Shahin in various competitions since 1965.
|Season||League||Hazfi Cup||Notes||Leagues Top goalscorer||Coach|
|1967–68||TFL||Shahin dissolved||Not held|
|1975–76||TFL||13||11||2||0||27||9||24||1st||Bagher Sepahsalari / Mehrab Shahrokhi|
|1976–77||TJC||30||13||10||7||36||24||36||3rd||Gholam Hossein Mazloumi||19||] Nazem Ganjapoor|
|1977–78||TJC||30||7||13||10||31||29||27||11th||Not held||Mohammad Reza Adelkhani||10||Nazem Ganjapoor|
|1978–79||TJC||Not Completed Due to Iranian Revolution||Not held||Frans van Balkom|
|1984–85||TFL||Not Finished||Mehrab Shahrokhi|
|1988–89||TFL||16||6||3||7||12||9||21||9th||Akbar Maleki / Amir Agha Hossieni|
Founder and managerEdit
- Dr. Abbas Ekrami (1942–1970)
World Cup playersEdit
- "تاریخچه پرسپولیس از شاهین".
- "گرامی باد یاد و خاطره بنیانگذار مکتب شاهین". Archived from the original on 2013-06-16.
- "تاریخچه باشگاه از شاهين". ghermezeteh.com.
- "40 سال بعد از انحلال تاريخي شاهين" (in Persian). etemad.com. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
- Iran national football team squad: 1978 FIFA World Cup planetworldcup.com. Retrieved 20 April 2021
- (in Persian) Official club website