Ramon Cabanos Barba  best known for inventing a way to induce more flowers in mango trees using ethrel and potassium nitrate. Barba was proclaimed a National Scientist of the Philippines in June 2014.(August 31, 1939 – October 10, 2021) was a Filipino inventor and horticulturist
Ramon C. Barba
|Died||October 10, 2021(aged 82)|
|Alma mater||University of the Philippines Los Baños|
University of Georgia
University of Hawaii at Manoa
|Awards||National Scientist of the Philippines|
Barba was also recognized as one of the Ten Outstanding Young Men in Agriculture in 1974, and was given the Horticultural Technology Award in June 1999.
Early life and educationEdit
The son of lawyer Juan Madamba Barba and Lourdes Cabanos of Ilocos Norte, Barba was born the youngest of four siblings on August 31, 1939. He finished his elementary schooling at Sta. Rosa Academy in 1951, receiving the third honor among his batchmates. He went to high school at the University of the Philippines, where renowned orchid researcher Dr. Helen Layosa Valmayor became his Biology Laboratory instructor.
Barba then took up a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture at the University of the Philippines Los Baños, majoring in Agronomy and Fruit Production, eventually graduating in 1958. Here he was inspired by his grandfather Juan Cabanos, who was then an official of the Bureau of Plants and Industry (BPI), and by his instructor Dr. L.G. Gonzales, considered the "father of Philippine horticulture."
Career in HorticultureEdit
Barba received a scholarship from the University of Georgia where he began conducting experiments on inducing the flowering of plants using gibberellic acid and potassium nitrate as a fertilizer. He graduated with distinction with a Master of Science in Horticulture from the university in 1962.
Induction of flowering of the mango by chemical sprayEdit
There were initial objections to Barba's research proposals for inducing flowering in mango. He conducted experiments with help from his friends Jose and Rita Quimson of Quimara Farms in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan. His techniques proved effective, with 400 trees aged 10–12 years old flowering within one week to one month of first being sprayed with potassium nitrate. Previously, mangoes were only available in the Philippines in May; owing to Barba's innovation as initially tested at Quimara Farms, mango trees can be induced to flower out of season and not only in May, which would lead to fruiting several times a year without harming the plants, drastically elevated the productivity of the mango farms. His study, titled Induction of Flowering of the Mango by Chemical Spray was named best paper by the Crop Science Society of the Philippines (CSSP) in 1974 and 1981. Barba was recognized as one of the Ten Outstanding Young Men in Agriculture that same year. His findings, which enabled farmers to induce flowering in mango trees regardless of season, changed the face of the mango industry in the Philippines.
In an interview released by the World Intellectual Property Organization in 2011, Barba recounts that he did not initially file a patent for his method, wanting farmers to be able to use the technique freely. Eventually, though, somebody else tried to patent the process, so Barba preemptively filed a patent application, choosing simply not to charge royalties for the use of his method.
In 2001, Barba also cautioned fruit farmers that "too much flower inducer spraying (is) bad for mangoes".
Ramon Barba advanced the research on various tropical crops besides mangoes. His many research breakthroughs include banana micropropagation and tissue culture of sugarcane and tissue culture of calamansi, all of which have lasting impacts on the respective agribusiness potentials of these commodities.
|A YouTube videoclip on Ramon Barba featured by the UN and FAO at Expo 2015|
|Dr. Ramon Barba – Inventor, Philippines Credits: WIPO, with support from governments of Japan and Philippines.|
- March, Elizabeth (June 2008). "The Scientist, the Patent and the Mangoes - Tripling the Mango Yield in the Philippines". WIPO Magazine. WIPO. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
- "The Scientist, the Patent and the Mangoes – Tripling the Mango Yield in the Philippines". www.wipo.int. WIPO. 3 May 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
- Panela, Shaira (12 August 2014). "Dr Ramon Barba: Science 'against all odds'". Rappler. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
- "Academician Ramon C. Barba named as National Scientist". www.nast.ph. National Academy of Science and Technology.
- Proclamation no. 783, s. 2014
- "Ramon Barba - Filipino Scientist". Inventors.about.com. 2014-03-05. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2014-06-15.
- "Ramon Barba, Researcher Curriculum Vitae". UPD.edu.ph. Archived from the original on 2008-06-30.
- World Intellectual Property Organization. "Dr Ramón Barba, inventor, Philippines." 26 May 2011. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q7iDCTvR1Hg Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Yanuario, Rose Anne G. "National Scientist Ramon C. Barba, 82, passes away". Department of Science and Technology (Philippines). Archived from the original on 2021-10-12. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
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- Andrade, Jeannette I. (24 August 2014). "National scientist Ramon Barba made country world's second biggest mango producer". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on 6 September 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
- Luci-Atienza, Charissa (11 October 2021). "National Scientist Ramon Barba passes away". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on 11 October 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
- Tan, Michael L. (13 October 2021). "Thanking Ramon Barba (1939-2021)". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
- "The Scientist, the Patent and the Mangoes – Tripling the Mango Yield in the Philippines". World Intellectual Property Organization. Archived from the original on 2021-09-14. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
- Pablico, Sosimo Ma (December 23, 2001). "Too much flower inducer spraying bad for mangoes". Philstar.com. Archived from the original on 14 October 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
- "NAST academician gets top Southeast Asian scientist award". PIA Press Release. Philippine Information Agency. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
- "National Scientist Ramon Barba passes away". ABS-CBN News. 11 October 2021. Archived from the original on 11 October 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.