Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
|15th Legislative Assembly of Rajasthan|
|First past the post|
|7 December 2018|
|Vidhan Bhavan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India|
The assembly meets at Vidhana Bhavan situated in Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Members of the Legislative assembly are directly elected by the people for a term of 5 years. Presently, the legislative assembly consists of 200 members.
The formation of the House of People's Representatives in Rajasthan is significant in Indian Constitutional history since it was the result of the merging of 22 princely states of the former Rajputana with the Union of India.
As per the provision of Article 168 pf India's newly framed constitution, each state was required to form a legislature consisting of one or two Houses. Rajasthan chose unicameralism for its legislature, which is known as the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly.
The First Rajasthan Legislative Assembly (1952–57) was inaugurated on 31 March 1952. It had a strength of 160 members. The strength was increased to 190 after the merger of the erstwhile Ajmer State with Rajasthan in 1956. The Second (1957–62) and Third (1962–67) Legislative Assemblies had a strength of 176. The Fourth (1967–72) and Fifth (1972–77) Legislative Assembly comprised 184 members each. The strength became 200 from the Sixth (1977–80) Legislative Assembly onwards. The Fourteenth Legislative Assembly was commenced on 21 January 2013. Umed Singh of Barmer was youngest member of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, as in 1962 election result was declared on 19 February 1962 and he was elected from Barmer, at the time he was just 25 year and 4 months old.
Party-wise Members in the 15th AssemblyEdit
|Indian National Congress||108|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||71|
|Rashtriya Loktantrik Party||3|
|Bharatiya Tribal Party||2|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||2|
|Rashtriya Lok Dal||1|
- On 16 September 2019, all the six BSP MLAs joined the Congress, thus taking the strength of the Congress to 106 seats in the assembly.
- On 24 October 2019, INC won Mandawa assembly constituency and RLP won Khinwsar assembly constituency in the bye polls held on 21 October 2019 which took their tally to 107 and 3 respectively.
- On 2 November 2021, INC won Dhariawad and Vallabhnagar constituency bypolls, taking their tally to 108.
List of MembersEdit
Article 194 of the Indian Constitution specifies the powers, privileges, and immunities of the House of Legislature, as well as its members and committees.
Some of the important privileges are:
- Freedom of speech in the legislature
- Immunity for members from any proceedings in any court relating to anything said or any vote given by them in the legislature or any committee thereof
- Prohibition on courts inquiring into legislative processes
- Freedom from arrest in civil proceedings for the members during the continuance of the session of the House
- "Rajasthan Legislative Assembly – House Tenure". Rajasthan Legislative Assembly website. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- "Rajasthan Election 2018". Rajasthan Patrika. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
- "Statistical report on the 1962 election to the Legislative Assembly" (PDF). pp. 7, 212.