María del Pilar Bardem Muñoz (14 March 1939 – 17 July 2021) was a Spanish film and television actress. In 1996, she won the Goya Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Nobody Will Speak of Us When We're Dead. She was the mother of Carlos, Mónica, and Javier Bardem.
María del Pilar Bardem Muñoz
14 March 1939
|Died||17 July 2021 (aged 82)|
|Spouse||José Carlos Encinas|
|Children||Carlos, Mónica, Javier|
|Relatives||Juan Antonio Bardem (brother)|
She earned her debut in a feature film with a performance in Fernando Fernán Gómez's El mundo sigue (1965). She was a regular in the television series Compuesta y sin novio (1994), Hermanas (1998), El Inquilino (2004), and Amar en tiempos revueltos (2005–2007).
Bardem was the recipient of the Goya Award for Best Supporting Actress, the Premios ACE for Best Supporting Actress, the Valladolid International Film Festival Award for Best Actress, and two Spanish Actors Union Awards for her performances.
Pilar Bardem was often called "La Bardem", and was well known in Spain not only as an actress, but for her outspoken left-wing political views, particularly close to the party United Left. During the dictatorship of Francisco Franco she remained close to the clandestine Communist Party.
She toiled for "labor rights for actors, civil rights for women", and "a more liberal Catholic Church" (she affirmed a belief that women should be able to become priests). Bardem identified her long struggle, working several jobs at once to raise her children, as not uncommon. She was just "one of so many".
In 2003 Bardem opposed the Spanish government's decision to send troops to Iraq together with other Spanish actors. On 5 February 2003 was invited, among other actors and actresses, to the Congress of Deputies, from which they were evicted after displaying T-shirts and shouting anti-war slogans.
She was a vocal supporter of the Sahrawi cause. In December 2021, during a homage paid to her at the FiSahara, the Polisario delegate to Spain announced that she will be posthumously bestowed the Sahrawi citizenship.
In 2017 her children prepared a surprise tribute for her, in which 1,300 artists participated. During that event, and already ill, she expressed her desire to see the Third Spanish Republic proclaimed before her death.
Born to performers Rafael Bardem and Matilde Muñoz Sampedro in Seville on 14 March 1939, she was the sister of the renowned film director Juan Antonio Bardem. She dropped out of studies in medicine, and started working as model.
Bardem married José Carlos Encinas Doussinague in October 1961 with whom she had her four children, one of them died shortly after birth: Carlos, Mónica, and Javier Bardem. In her book La Bardem she related that her husband abused her until she got a divorce. Encinas died in December 1995 of leukemia. Afterwards, she had an affair with several actors, among them Agustín González.
A regular smoker, she survived lung cancer. She died in the Clínica Ruber in Madrid on 17 July 2021, aged 82, after suffering from a serious lung disease since 2013. Her body was later cremated in the Madrid town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial.
- Good Morning, Little Countess (1967)
- The Rebellious Novice (1971)
- Variety (1971)
- The Doubt (1972)
- La descarriada (1973) as Lucila
- Amor e Dedinhos de Pé (1992)
- Entre rojas (1995)
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1996||Best Supporting Actress||Nadie hablará de nosotras cuando hayamos muerto||Won|||
|2005||Best Actress||María querida||Nominated|||
- "Pilar Bardem ha cumplido 70 años". ¡Hola!. 15 March 2009.
- Elordi Cué, Carlos (22 June 2004). "Caballero Bonald, Sabina, Miguel Ríos, Pilar Bardem y Pedro Guerra reclaman el "voto útil" para IU". El Pais (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- Laviana, Juan Carlos (18 July 2021). "Pilar Bardem, actriz, matriarca y luchadora". El Español.
- Wilkinson, Tracy (22 February 2008). "No new territory for ol' Mom". Los Angeles Times. Madrid. p. 2. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- "Desalojados artistas del Congreso por mostrar camisetas con el "No a la guerra"". La Vanguardia. 5 February 2003.
- Santos, Elena (17 July 2021). "Fue en unas listas electorales y otros datos que no sabías de Pilar Bardem". HuffPost (in Spanish).
- Rollán, Daniel (17 July 2021). "Muere Pilar Bardem, guerrera dentro y fuera de las pantallas". El Correo.
- "Pilar Bardem obtiene a título póstumo la nacionalidad saharaui". AISGE. 19 December 2021.
- "Rivas bautizará su auditorio con el nombre de Pilar Bardem". El País. 26 December 2003.
- Ortiz, Ana María (2 March 2008). "El enigmático padre de Bardem". El Mundo.
- "Muere Pilar Bardem a los 82 años de edad". 20minutos.es. 17 July 2021.
- Raya, Carmen (17 July 2021). "MUERE PILAR BARDEM A LOS 82 AÑOS". El Periódico de Catalunya.
- "Pilar Bardem, una carrera con más de 80 películas". Nius Diario. 17 July 2021.
- "Agustin Diaz Yanes da la sorpresa en los Goya". El País. 28 January 1996.
- "'Mar adentro' arrasó en los Goya". ¡Hola!. 31 January 2005.