|Birth name||Patrick Carmen Azzara|
|Born||August 25, 1944|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||November 1, 2021(aged 77)|
|Genres||Jazz fusion, mainstream jazz, soul jazz|
|Labels||Prestige, Warner Bros, Muse, Blue Note, HighNote,|
Martino was born Patrick Carmen Azzara in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, to father Carmen "Mickey" Azzara (d. 1990) and mother Jean (née Orlando, d. 1989). He was first exposed to jazz by his father, who sang in local clubs and briefly studied guitar, and began playing professionally at the age of 15 after moving to New York City. He lived for a period with Les Paul and began playing at jazz clubs such as Smalls Paradise. He later moved into a suite in the President Hotel on 48th Street. He would play at Smalls for six months of the year, and then in the summer play at the Club Harlem in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Martino played and recorded early in his career with Lloyd Price, Willis Jackson, and Eric Kloss. He also worked with jazz organists Charles Earland, Richard "Groove" Holmes, Jack McDuff, Don Patterson, Trudy Pitts, Jimmy Smith, Gene Ludwig, and Joey DeFrancesco.
Martino had been performing until a hemorrhaged arteriovenous malformation caused a "near-fatal seizure" in 1980. The resulting surgery which removed part of his brain left him with amnesia and no recollection or knowledge of his career or how to play the very instrument that made him successful. Martino says he came out of surgery with complete forgetfulness, learning to focus on the present instead of the past or what may lie ahead. He was forced to learn how to play the guitar from zero. This circumstance is crucial to understand his career and his particular way of thinking.
In 2017, he shot a series of educational videos titled A Study of the Opposites and How They Manifest on the Guitar.
Martino stated, "There are elements within an instrument’s architecture that initiate a continuous source of valuable information. For the guitar, there are two. The first is the major third interval, and the second is the minor third interval. Once we view their repetitive information, they begin to appear as a series of automatic functions."
Martino's lines contain chromatic links outside any particular IIm7 chord that might be conceptualized over a chord progression, even in the examples he provides in his books and instructional videos. On his bulletin board he has stated that he formulated the system more as a way to explain his playing rather than as something to use to create music. In his own words, "although the analysis of some of my recorded solos have been referred to as modal, personally I've never operated in that way. I've always depended upon my own melodic instinct, instead of scale like formulas."
Martino was married to Ayako Asahi Martino, whom he met in Tokyo, Japan, in 1995. Due to a chronic respiratory disorder, he stopped performing in 2018. He died on November 1, 2021, at the age of 77.
Awards and honorsEdit
- 1995 Mellon Jazz Festival dedicated in honor
- 1996 Philadelphia Alliance Walk of Fame Award
- 1997 National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences Songs from the Heart Award
- 2002 Grammy Award nominations for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Live at Yoshi's, and Best Jazz Instrumental Solo on "All Blues"
- 2002 National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences 2nd Annual Heroes Award
- 2003 Grammy nominations for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Think Tank, and Best Jazz Instrumental Solo on "Africa"
- 2004 Guitar Player of the Year, DownBeat Magazine's 2004 Readers' Poll 
- 2016 Pennsylvania State Senator Vincent Hughes and his wife Sheryl Lee Ralph-Hughes presented Pat Martino with the Jazz Legacy Award
- El Hombre (Prestige, 1967)
- Strings! (Prestige, 1967)
- East! (Prestige, 1968)
- Baiyina (The Clear Evidence) (Prestige, 1968)
- Desperado (Prestige, 1970)
- The Visit! (Cobblestone, 1972)
- Pat Martino/Live! (Muse, 1972)
- Consciousness (Muse, 1974)
- Joyous Lake (Warner Bros., 1976)
- Starbright (Warner Bros., 1976)
- We'll Be Together Again (Muse, 1976)
- Exit (Muse, 1977)
- The Return (Muse, 1987)
- Interchange (Muse, 1994)
- The Maker (Paddlewheel, 1995)
- Nightwings (Muse, 1996)
- All Sides Now (Blue Note, 1997)
- Fire Dance (Mythos, 1997)
- Stone Blue (Blue Note, 1998)
- Live at Yoshi's (Blue Note, 2001)
- Think Tank (Blue Note, 2003)
- Remember: A Tribute to Wes Montgomery (Blue Note, 2006)
- Undeniable: Live at Blues Alley (HighNote, 2011)
- Alone Together (HighNote, 2012)
- Young Guns: Gene Ludwig–Pat Martino Trio with Randy Gelispie (HighNote, 2014)
- Nexus (HighNote, 2015)
- Formidable (HighNote, 2017)
With Eric Alexander
With Willis Jackson
- Grease 'n' Gravy (Prestige, 1963)
- The Good Life (Prestige, 1963)
- Boss Shoutin' (Prestige, 1964)
- Headed and Gutted (Muse, 1974)
- Bar Wars Bar Wars (Muse, 1978)
- Single Action (Muse, 1980)
- Nothing Butt... (Muse, 1983)
- Soul Night/Live! (Prestige, 2002)
- Jackson's Action! (Prestige, 1964)
- More Gravy (Prestige, 1964)
- Live! Action (Prestige, 1965)
- Tell It... (Prestige, 1967)
With Eric Kloss
- Introducing Eric Kloss (Prestige, 1965)
- Life Force (Prestige, 1968)
- Sky Shadows (Prestige, 1969)
- Consciousness! (Prestige, 1970)
- One, Two, Free (Muse, 1972)
With Jack McDuff
- Walk on By (Prestige, 1966)
- Hallelujah Time! (Prestige, 1967)
- The Midnight Sun (Prestige, 1968)
- Soul Circle (Prestige, 1968)
- Steppin' Out (Prestige, 1969)
- I Got a Woman (Prestige, 1969)
With Charles McPherson
With Don Patterson
- Holiday Soul (Prestige, 1965)
- Boppin' & Burnin' (Prestige, 1968)
- Four Dimensions (Prestige, 1968)
- Funk You! (Prestige, 1968)
- Opus De Don (Prestige, 1968)
- Oh Happy Day (Prestige, 1969)
- These Are Soulful Days (Muse, 1974)
With Trudy Pitts
- Royce Campbell, Six by Six (Paddle Wheel, 1994)
- Cyrus Chestnut, A Charlie Brown Christmas (Atlantic, 2000)
- Stanley Clarke, Children of Forever (Polydor, 1973)
- Joey DeFrancesco, Ballads and Blues (Concord, 2002)
- Gil Goldstein, Randy Brecker, David Sanborn, Herbie Mann, John Patitucci, Adventures in Jazz (Walt Disney, 2001)
- John Handy, New View (Columbia, 1967)
- Jimmy Heath, The Time and the Place (Landmark, 1994)
- Woody Herman, The Raven Speaks (Fantasy, 1972)
- Richard "Groove" Holmes, Get Up & Get It! (Prestige, 1967)
- Barry Miles, White Heat (Mainstream, 1971)
- The Philadelphia Experiment (Rope-a-Dope, 2001)
- Lee Ritenour, 6 String Theory (Concord, 2010)
- Michael Sagmeister, Conversation (Acoustic Music, 2000)
- Sonny Stitt, Night Letter (Prestige, 1969)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 1631/2. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- Silbergleit, Paul (November 1, 2015). 25 Great Jazz Guitar Solos: Transcriptions * Lessons * Bios * Photos. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 978-1-4950-5541-6.
- Spatz, David (October 11, 2017). "Jazz festival to bring legends like Pat Martino to Somers Point". The Press of Atlantic City.
- Gallagher, Brian (January 8, 2015). "Brain Damage Saved His Music". Nautilus. ISSN 2372-1766.
- "Jazz Guitar After Brain Damage". Discover. October 6, 2013. ISSN 0274-7529.
- "Pat Martino: A Study of the Opposites and How They Manifest on the Guitar". Tagapublishing.com. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
- Martino, Pat (February 15, 2011). "Inside Jazz: Augmented and Diminished Forms". Premierguitar.com. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
- "Jazz Bulletin Board – View Single Post – Pat Martino". Forums.allaboutjazz.com. January 29, 2010. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
- Brady, Shaun (August 2008). "Pat Martino". Jazz Times. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- DeLuca, Dan. "Pat Martino, Philly jazz guitar great, has died". The Philadelphia Inquirer. The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
- Guitar master Pat Martino has died
- "Pat Martino Trio". Jazzalley.com. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- "Biography". Patmartino.com.
- "Jazz great Pat Martino to play two nights at Chris' Jazz Cafe". Pressreader.com.
- "Complete List Of Grammy Nominees". Cbsnews.com.
- "Pat Martino Organ Trio featuring Pat Bianchi and Carmen Intorre Jr". Theiridium.com.
- "Grammy Award Winners". The New York Times. Associated Press.
- Schoof, Dustin (May 15, 2014). "Pat Martino discusses relearning to play guitar after a near-fatal brain aneurysm left him with amnesia". The Express-Times.
- Arlene Edmonds. "Jazz Legacy Awards honors Northwest Philadelphia jazz artists". Montgomerynews.com.
- Taylor, Derek (February 13, 2014). "Review of Young Guns". Dustedmagazine.tumblr.com.
- Marshall, Wolf (Winter 1991) Pat Martino. Guitar Extra Volume 1 No. 4.
- Marshall, Wolf (November 2005) Pat Martino: Legend, Treasure, Inspiration. Vintage Guitar Magazine.