The Parliament of Namibia is the national legislature of Namibia. It is a bicameral legislature and, thus, consists of two houses: the National Council (upper house) and the National Assembly (lower house).
Parliament of Namibia
Lukas Sinimbo Muha, SWAPO
since 15 December 2020
National Council (42)
National Assembly (104)
National Council political groups
SWAPO (28)Opposition (14)
National Assembly political groups
Appointed members (8)Opposition (33)
National Council voting system
|Indirect election by Regional Councils|
National Assembly voting system
|Closed list proportional representation and appointments by the President|
National Council last election
|25 November 2020|
National Assembly last election
|27 November 2019|
|Tintenpalast, Windhoek, Khomas Region, Namibia|
All cabinet members are also members of the lower house. This situation has been criticised by Namibia's civil society and the opposition as creating a significant overlap between executive and legislature, undermining the separation of powers. The seniority of cabinet members generally relegate ordinary MPs to the back benches.
From Namibian independence until 2014 the National Assembly consisted of 78 members, 72 members elected by proportional representation and 6 members appointed by the president. The National Council had 26 representatives of the Regional Councils, 2 from each of the then thirteen regions. Prior to the 2014 general elections the constitution was amended to increase both chambers to their current size.
Speakers of ParliamentEdit
- "GRN Structure. The Legislature". Government of Namibia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Quadri, Maryam Omolara; Thomas, Erika K (2018). "Women and political participation in Namibia and Nigeria: a comparative analysis of women in elective positions" (PDF). Journal for Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. University of Namibia. 7 (2): 6–9. ISSN 2026-7215.
- Sasman, Catherine (22 March 2013). "Mbumba's presence in Cabinet under spotlight". The Namibian. Archived from the original on 13 April 2013.