Harold Owen Luder United Kingdom in the 1960s and 1970s, many now demolished. He served as chairman of the Architects Registration Board and twice as President of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1981–1983 and 1995–1997. He established his own practice Owen Luder Partnership in 1957, and left in 1987 to form the consultancy Communication In Construction.(7 August 1928 – 8 October 2021) was a British architect who designed a number of notable and sometimes controversial buildings in the
Harold Owen Luder
7 August 1928
|Died||8 October 2021(aged 93)|
|Practice||Owen Luder Partnership|
Early life and careerEdit
Luder was born in London in 1928, the son of an unknown father and Ellen Clara Mason, who married Edward Charles Luder in 1931. He grew up on the Old Kent Road in south London. As a boy he wanted to design aircraft but after the Second World War decided to become an architect, and trained at the Brixton School of Building. In 1945, he joined the practice of architect Henry C. Smith, before being called up for military service.
Luder's designs included some of the most powerful and raw examples of Brutalist architecture, with massive bare concrete sculptural forms devoid of claddings or decoration - other than their inherent shapes. The British climate, with abundant rain and damp winters, is unkind to such unclad concrete buildings which rapidly become a shabby grey–brown colour and streaked with marks where rainwater has run down the façades. Poor maintenance has often exacerbated these problems.
Some of the Owen Luder Partnership's (OLP) best known buildings are the Tricorn Centre in Portsmouth, Derwent Tower in Gateshead, and Catford shopping centre in London. Trinity Square in Gateshead (whose multi-storey car park featured in the 1971 gangster film Get Carter) was another one of the practice's major schemes, demolition of which began in July 2010. Luder also designed the much-derided Southgate shopping centre in Bath, Somerset, which was demolished in 2007 to make way for a new multimillion-pound development.
Despite receiving awards when built, the Tricorn Centre was voted the third ugliest building in Britain and was demolished in 2004 to mixed reactions and protests from an unrepentant Luder. The Trinity Square car park has also been subject to a number of redevelopment proposals and featured in the Channel 4 series Demolition in 2005. Luder was later given a Rubble Club award for having the best building to be demolished during the architect's lifetime.
Luder featured in the 2005 BBC Radio 3 broadcast Gateshead Multi-Storey Car Park. A radiophonic tribute to Trinity Square, produced by Langham Research Centre, the programme was made entirely from the sounds of the carpark, processed and treated on quarter-inch tape.
Luder also designed the conversion of a Victorian fire station into the South London Theatre in 1967. In addition he designed a number of small houses in the borough of Lambeth including 26–28 Groveway (1953) and 76–78 Herne Hill Road (1954), one of the latter was occupied by Luder upon completion.
Some of the less controversial OLP buildings have escaped attention and many are conceptual, innovative, and thoughtful schemes that respond effectively to place while bringing a visible structured order to a building. This is often manifested by complex staircases, strong vertical and horizontal articulation, bespoke window design, and spatial volumes punctuating the external form of the building. In their housing and mixed use developments, for example, they display a consistent formal language and many continue to be well used to the present. Examples of these include Harrogate House, Harrogate (1963), Hendon Hall Court in North London (1963), and 16 Grand Avenue in Hove (1965).
The OLP built many buildings around South London, where Luder lived for some time, but also much wider in the UK. The OLP also developed unbuilt schemes for Nigeria, Belgium, Saudi Arabia, and Greece where partnership practices were started. Indeed The OLP's work is deserving of re-evaluation. He is labelled as a brutalist architect but his work is far more extensive, subtle, and influential than that term dictates. His architectural vision is akin to contemporary architects such as Norman Foster and Zaha Hadid and his innovative approach to a wide range of architectural briefs - both social and commercial - may well have set an example for them to follow.
Trinity Square in Gateshead was demolished in 2010, and Derwent Tower in 2012. The Catford Centre, Luder's last surviving town centre of the Tricorn type, was purchased by the local council in 2010 for "regeneration", which may involve demolition of the housing on the site. Roxby House in Sidcup survives as an example of his later work.
Luder died on 8 October 2021, at the age of 93.
- "Owen Luder". Art UK. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- British Library: National Life Story Collection: Architecture: Abstracts: Luder, Owen, interview. Retrieved 11 October 2021
- Richard Waite, "Owen Luder ‘Britain’s unluckiest architect’ dies aged 93", Architects' Journal, 11 October 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021
- Waite, Richard (29 October 2009). "Leeds Pool demolition continues as development plans abandoned". Architects Journal. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Mahoney, Elisabeth (20 June 2005). "Storeys to tell". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- Bird, Edmund; Price, Fiona (2014). Lambeth Architecture: A Brave New World 1945–65. Lambeth Local History Forum. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-95431-733-1.
- "Hendon Hall Court". Modernism in Metro-Land. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
- Wharton, Kate (1977). Adventure in Architecture: A Profile of the Owen Luder Partnership (1 ed.). London: Lund Humphries. pp. 110–114.
- "Iconic 'rocket' to be demolished". BBC News. 30 October 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- "Plan to bulldoze flats approved". BBC News. 14 January 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- "Demolition begins on Tyneside's 'Dunston Rocket' flats". BBC News. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- "CATFORD: Lewisham Council buys Catford Shopping Centre for £11.52m".
- National Life Stories, 'Luder, Owen (1 of 13) National Life Stories Collection: Architects' Lives', The British Library Board, 2016. Retrieved 10 April 2018
- Croft, Catherine (18 August 2008). "Rodney Gordon: An obituary". Building. Retrieved 23 June 2013.