National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad
The National Institute of Design, Gujarat (NID) is a national design school in Ahmedabad with campuses in Gandhinagar and Bengaluru . The other NIDs are in Kurukshetra (Haryana) , Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh) and Jorhat (Assam) and National Institute of Design, Madhya Pradesh at Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh). The institute functions as an autonomous body under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry , Government of India. NID is recognised by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research under Ministry of Science and Technology, the government of India, as a scientific and industrial design research organisation.
|National Design Institute, National Institute of Industrial Design|
|Type||Autonomous National Institution|
|Part Time : 8, Full Time : 5|
Opposite Museum, Near Tagore Hall, Paldi,
As a result of the Industrial Policy Resolution of 1956, the government of India invited the design team of Charles and Ray Eames to recommend a program of design to serve as an aid to small industries in India. Based on their document, 'The India Report', the government of India set up the National Institute of Design in 1961 as an autonomous national institution for research, service and training in industrial design and visual communication. The Sarabhai family, especially siblings Gautam Sarabhai and Gira Sarabhai, played a major role in the establishment of this institute. Designer and sculptor Dashrath Patel was its founder secretary and industrial designer H. Kumar Vyas (1929-2017) its first full-time faculty. Patel held the post till 1981 and was awarded the Padma Shri in the same year. In 2011, Vyas was awarded the The Sir Misha Black Medal, given to individuals across the globe who have made a significant contribution to design education.
The Sarabhais were instrumental in inviting a number of designers, architects and artists to India, from abroad. 1950 onwards the Sarabhais (Gautam, Gira and Gita) were actively learning, collaborating and facilitating educational exchanges with Frei Otto, Adrian Frutiger, John Cage, Robert Rauschenberg, Eameses, Louis Kahn amongst many others at NID. The first moog synthesizer were brought to India from New York by David Tudor when Billy Kluver suggested that NID collaborates with the E.A.T. In 1970, Lowell Cross, a close collaborator of Tudor and Cage, worked at NID as a teacher and technical advisor of electronic music. In 1979, NID became host to the United Nation's first congress on Design, from 14 to 24 January. Along with the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, NID hosted the ground-breaking ‘Design for Development’ congress following a series of working party discussions and initiatives led by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design (ICSID) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
|Main Campus, Ahmedabad||1961||Gujarat|
|PG Campus, Gandhinagar||19 July 2004||Gujarat|
|Research and development Campus, Bengaluru||31 March 2006||Karnataka|
Main Campus, AhmedabadEdit
After the Eameses presented The India Report, Gira and Gautam Sarabhai, in consultation with other notable architects and designers, felt that Ahmedabad, not Bangalore or Fatehpur Sikri, as the Eameses had suggested, was the most suitable site given its architecture, and should be the new institute's location.
Initially operational out of the Calico Mills complex loaned from the Sarabhai family, it moved to the Sanskar Kendra, a building designed by Le Corbusier. Eventually Seth Chinubhai Chimanlal offered a vast expanse of land for the NID campus for a token fee of one rupee.
The buildings, as per Charles Eames, were to be "un-monumental, anonymous, unpretentious, pleasant, workable and non-shoddy."
Gautam and Gira worked on the building plan for NID in consultation with various architects, engineers and designers. It was meant to be a modern experiment and its underlying philosophy was that the problems of architecture, structural design, construction techniques being related needed to be resolved integrally. It became the first project that NID handled. The two qualities that resonated deeply with the architecture are the Bauhaus aesthetic and modern sensibility. Gautam and Gira encouraged trial and error to set the norm of the future spirit of the institution.
Planning and ConstructionEdit
The building is constructed on stilts. The ground floor was utilised as a public area with common rooms and a canteen as storage for raw materials. Workshops and laboratories were on the first floor, workshops for photography, wood, metal, plastics, ceramics and glass were given separate wings. All wings were connected to the core building. Drafting studios, seminar rooms and the library were on the second floor. Double glazing between the studios and the workshops enabled students to observe the proceedings on the production floors without being disturbed by machines. Classroom spaces at NID are modular and transparent, emphasising the NID’s core philosophy of learning by doing.
The use of waffle beams, precast reinforced concrete shells designed to bear massive impact up to 1 000 kg were used on the ground floor; the first floor used reinforced brick slabs designed to sustain 300 kilogram impact instead of precast shells. The concrete shell system was made by G.S. Ramaswamy. Concrete channels under the floor acted as electric wiring conduits, and fans and light fixtures were mounted on the overhead grid suspended from roof beams. Custom designed service ducts for air conditioning and ventilation also enabled passage of water pipes and power supply cables.
P.G. Campus, GandhinagarEdit
The National Institute of Design, Gandhinagar is an extension campus of National Institute of Design, situated in the city of Gandhinagar. It provides postgraduate courses in Lifestyle and accessory design, New Media Design, Photography Design, Transportation and Automobile Design, Apparel Design, Strategic Design Management and Toy and Game Design.
A campus was later planned to be built at Yeshwantpur, a suburb in Northwest Bengaluru. The new campus was built for 7.5 crores and was officially inaugurated on 31 March 2006 by Dr Darlie O'Koshy, who was the executive director of NID at the time.
NID's entrance exam Design Aptitude Test (DAT) which is also popularly called the National Entrance Examination for Design (NEED) is a National level entrance exam organized for admission to UG and PG courses separately by NID each year. These exams for B.Des and M.Des exams are conducted in 12 exam centres across India.
The courses available to join at various campuses of NID include Bachelor of Design (BDes), Graduate Diploma Program in Design (GDPD), Masters of Design (MDes), Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD) in Design, Foundation Courses are UG courses and International Programs through Research and International workshops. A total of 100 seats for undergraduate studies and 285 seats for postgraduate courses are available across all campuses of NID.
Notable alumni of the institute include:
- Dayanita Singh, is a photographer and a contemporary artist
- Lekha Washington, Indian film actress, artist and product designer
- Harun Robert, known professionally as Rob, is a professional artist and TV personality
- Orijit Sen, is an Indian graphic artist and designer.
- Aditya Vikram Sengupta, is an Indian film director, cinematographer and graphic designer.
- Pan Nalin, Filmmaker
- Prasoon Pandey, Ad filmmaker
- Rahul Mishra, Fashion Designer
- Aditya Pande, Indian contemporary artist
- Sujata Keshvan, Graphic designer
- Ishu Patel, Filmmaker
- "Nahar takes charge as NID chief". The Times of India 04:45 IST. Ahmedabad. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- IANS (12 July 2014). "NID becomes 41st institute of national importance". Business Standard India. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "Dashrath Patel's death marks end of a design era". Zee News. 3 December 2010.
- "Prof. Kumar Vyas | Misha Black Awards". www.mishablackawards.org.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
- "Subcontinental Synth: David Tudor and the First Moog in India". East of Borneo. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
- "IMPACT: design thinking and the visual arts in young India | Chatterjee & Lal". Retrieved 11 March 2021.
- "Lowell Cross – The Living Composers Project". composers21.com. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
- Clarke, Alison J. (1 February 2016). "Design for Development, ICSID and UNIDO: The Anthropological Turn in 1970s Design". Journal of Design History. 29 (1): 43–57. doi:10.1093/jdh/epv029. ISSN 0952-4649.
- August 11, Moeena Halim; August 21, 2017 ISSUE DATE; August 11, 2017UPDATED; Ist, 2017 19:06. "National Institute of Design: House of art". India Today. Retrieved 20 March 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Modernism in India: Through the NID Archives - Exhibition Catalogue". Friday Matinee Studio. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- Desai, Madhavi (2017). Women Architects and Modernism In India. Routledge. pp. 59–63. ISBN 978-1-138-28142-4.
- "P G Campus, Gandhinagar". www.nid.edu. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
- Delhi, Kishore Singh in New. "NID in Bangalore, Gandhinagar soon". Rediff.
- "NID Admission: 2019-20". admissions.nid.edu. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
- "Bowled over". The Hindu. 14 June 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2018.