Mumtaz Ali Khan Bhutto (Urdu: ممتاز علی بھٹو, Sindhi: ممتاز علي ڀٽو) (28 November 1933 – 17 July 2021), was a Pakistani politician who served as 8th Governor of Sindh and later the 13th Chief Minister of Sindh. He was actually uncle of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto but due to age difference he was popularly known as his cousin, who was the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977.
ممتاز علی بھٹو
|8th Governor of Sindh|
22 December 1971 – 20 April 1972
|President||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
|Preceded by||Lt Gen Rakhman Gul And Irfan Soomro|
|Succeeded by||Mir Rasool Bux Talpur|
|13th Chief Minister of Sindh|
1 May 1972 – 20 December 1973
|Governor||Mir Rasool Bux Talpur|
|Preceded by||M. A. Khuhro|
|Succeeded by||Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi|
|Born||28 November 1933|
Pir Bux Bhutto, Larkana District, Sindh, British India
|Died||18 July 2021 (aged 87)|
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party (1967–1989) |
Sindh National Front (1989–2017)
|Relations||Amir Bux Bhutto (son)|
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (cousin)
Shah Nawaz Bhutto (uncle)
Ghulam Murtaza Bhutto (grandfather)
|Parents||Nabi Bux Khan Bhutto (father)|
|Profession||Chief of Bhutto Tribe, Politician|
Mumtaz Ali Bhutto was born on 28 November 1933 in the village of Pir Bux Bhutto, Larkana District, Sindh, British Raj. Before the partition his father Nawab Nabi Bux Khan Bhutto was a member of the legislative assembly and had a strong political background.
Bhutto attended St George's College in Mussoorie and then Lawrence College, Murree, after the independence of Pakistan. He earned his barrister degree from Lincoln's Inn, and undergraduate and master's degrees in 1959 from Oxford University in the United Kingdom.
Bhutto became a member of the National Assembly at the age of 32 years on 5 March 1965. When he and his cousin Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced a new political party, Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) on 30 March 1967, he also became the founding member and principal executive committee member of the party.
His cousin, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Pakistan and Mumtaz Ali Bhutto became Governor of Sindh on 24 December 1971, then Chief Minister of Sindh Province on 1 May 1972. His cousin always used to call him a "talented cousin".
Citing differences with Benazir Bhutto, Bhutto split from Pakistan Peoples Party and created his own party, Sindh National Front (SNF) in 1989. In May 2012, prior to the 2013 Pakistani general election, he announced his party's alliance with the Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N). In August 2016, Bhutto quit the PML-N and revived the Sindh National Front. In November 2017, prior to the 2018 Pakistani general election, he merged SNF with the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.
As a Chief Minister, he announced Sindhi language as the official language of the Province. Sindhi Language Bill, 1972 was introduced by the Chief Minister Mumtaz Bhutto on 3 July 1972, in the Sindh Assembly, Pakistan. The 1972 Language violence in Sindh occurred starting on 7 July 1972, when the Sindh Assembly passed The Sind Teaching, Promotion and Use of Sindhi Language Bill, 1972 which established Sindhi language as the sole official language of the province resulting in language violence in Sindh. Due to the clashes, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, compromised and announced that Urdu and Sindhi will both be official languages of Sindh. The making of Sindhi as an equal language to Urdu for official purposes frustrated the Urdu-speaking people as they did not speak the Sindhi language. On 7 March 1977 he won a National Assembly seat and became a Federal Minister. In the year of 1977, his cousin nominated him as president of 'PPP-Sindh'. He was arrested during the struggle against the arrest of his cousin and then exiled by General Zia's government. On 31 March 1985 he announced a new political Alliance named "Sindhi Baloch Pushtoon Front" at London to propagate ethnic nationalism in Pakistan. He also announced support for a new constitutional framework for Pakistan as a weak federation. He became the convenor of the alliance for Pakistan, returned to Pakistan, and once again was arrested by the military government of Zia. On 31 March 1989, he called the workers' convention at Hyderabad Sindh and announced a new political party named 'Sindh National Front'. He was elected to a seat in the provincial assembly from Larkana on 6 October 1993. On 6 November 1996, he became the caretaker Chief Minister of Sindh.
- "Former CM Sindh Mumtaz Bhutto passes away". Geo News. 18 July 2021.
- Sardar Mamtaz Ali Khan Bhutto Archived 31 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "Former Sindh CM Mumtaz Ali Bhutto passes away in Karachi". Dawn. 18 July 2021.
- "Mumtaz Bhutto Profile". Pak Voter. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
- "Mumtaz Bhutto reinvents himself, acts to strengthen anti-PPP front". Dawn. 11 May 2012.
- "Mumtaz Bhutto quits PML-N, revives Sindh National Front". Geo News. 16 August 2016.
- "Mumtaz Bhutto's Sindh National Front merges with PTI". Dawn. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
- "1972 riots: Was it a language issue?". Herald (Pakistan). 23 September 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "A leaf from history: Language frenzy in Sindh". Dawn. 6 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "Bhutto Is Reported Arrested Again". The New York Times. 17 September 1977.
Reuters, quoting reliable sources in Islamabad, said the others arrested ineluded former Finance Minister Abdul Hafeez Pirzada and Communications Minister Mumtaz Bhutto the former, prime minister's cousin.
- "'Zardaris' have taken over PPP, says Mumtaz Bhutto". Daily Times. 18 July 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2020.