Mamnoon Hussain (Urdu: ممنون حسین; 23 December 1940 – 14 July 2021) was a Pakistani politician and industrialist who served as the 12th President of Pakistan from 2013 to 2018. He was first appointed Governor of Sindh in June 1999 by President Rafiq Tarar; but was removed from the post in October 1999 due to the 1999 military coup d'état. Hussain was then nominated for the presidency by the Pakistan Muslim League party (PML(N)) in July 2013 and was elected through an indirect presidential election. Hussain took over the presidency after an oath administered by the Chief Justice of Pakistan on 9 September 2013. Hussain maintained a low-key profile as President and his role was rarely seen in the nation's politics, although he was involved in a polio eradication program.
|12th President of Pakistan|
9 September 2013 – 9 September 2018
|Preceded by||Asif Ali Zardari|
|Succeeded by||Arif Alvi|
|24th Governor of Sindh|
19 June 1999 – 12 October 1999
|Prime Minister||Nawaz Sharif|
|Preceded by||Moinuddin Haider|
|Succeeded by||AM Azim Daudpota|
|Born||23 December 1940|
Agra, United Provinces, British India
|Died||14 July 2021 (aged 80)|
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Political party||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|Alma mater||Institute of Business Administration, Karachi|
Mamnoon Hussain was born in Agra, British India in 1941. His family migrated to Karachi in 1949. After being homeschooled, Hussain enrolled in the Karachi University where he studied for the Commerce degree. After graduating from the Karachi University in 1963, he entered in the master's program at the Institute of Business Administration (IBA) in Karachi, and obtained his MBA degree in 1965.
Initially supporting and strengthening his father's business, he later founded his own textile company in Karachi. He later joined the center-right Pakistan Muslim League in 1970, working as a party worker. In 1997, he earned public notability as a business leader when he was elected as president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry, serving until May 1999.
Hussain began to take interest in national politics in 1968 when he became chairman and joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) led by Nurul Amin. Initially, an activist with reformist zeal in 1968, Hussain became joint secretary of the Pakistan Muslim League's Karachi chapter. In 1993, he officially joined the PML(N) led by Nawaz Sharif and was appointed the Finance Secretary of the PML(N) in Sindh.
In June 1999, he became the Governor of Sindh, but his term was cut short on 12 October 1999 when the PML(N) government was ousted in a military coup. His credentials as a politician devoted to the cause of democracy were established when he became a political prisoner after raising his voice against the military regime of Pervez Musharraf.
Azhar Haroon, the former president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said: "He had no political affiliation until 1999 but his polite discourse and professional ability impressed Nawaz Sharif, who appointed him as the Governor of Sindh". He was a relatively lesser-known figure, described as loyal to Nawaz Sharif, and was elected as President of Pakistan as the official nominee of the PML-N in the July 2013 presidential election. Hussain secured 432 votes and his only rival Wajihuddin Ahmed received 77. He was sworn in on 9 September 2013 in a ceremony held at Aiwan-e-Sadr, attended by mainstream political and military leadership alongside foreign dignitaries, media personnel and his close relatives. At the time of assuming the office of president, he became the second oldest president of Pakistan. His term for the presidency ended on 8 September 2018.
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- Zhao, Chen Lee (2 March 2014). "Profile: Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain". Xinhua, Pakistan bureau, 2014. Xinhua, Pakistan bureau. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- Shao, Ming (17 February 2014). "President Mamnoon Hussain". Shanghai Dail, Pakistan Bureau. Shanghai Dail, Pakistan Bureau. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- Govt. Pakistan. "President's Profile". Presidency, Govt of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "Mamnoon Hussain: Indian-born president-elect of Pakistan – The Express Tribune". 6 September 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- Ghumman, Khawar (23 July 2013 ) Mamnoon strongest PML-N candidate. Dawn.
- "India-born Mamnoon Hussain elected Pakistani president". NDTV.com.
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- Mamnoon Hussain elected President of Pakistan. Gulf News.
- Pakistani Lawmakers Choose Next President. The New York Times, 31 July 2013
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- Mamnoon takes oath as 12th president today. The Nation (Pakistan). 9 September 2013
- "Current Pakistani Officials". Quickjobs.pk. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "Mamnoon Hussain becomes president at age of 73.5 years". The News International.
- "President Mamnoon given farewell guard of honour". geo.tv. 8 September 2018.
- "Former president Mamnoon Hussain passes away in Karachi at 80". Dawn. 14 July 2021.
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