Lee Ying-yuan (traditional Chinese: 李應元; simplified Chinese: 李应元; pinyin: Lǐ Yìngyuán; Wade–Giles: Li3 Ying4-yüen2; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lí Èng-goân; 16 March 1953 – 11 November 2021) was a Taiwanese politician. He was elected to the Legislative Yuan in 1995 and stepped down in 2000. In 2005, Lee was appointed the Minister of Council of Labor Affairs, which he led until 2007. Lee has also served as Secretary-General of the Executive Yuan and the Democratic Progressive Party, and was reelected to the Legislative Yuan in 2012. He was appointed the Minister of Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) in 2016. He left the EPA in 2018, and subsequently served as Taiwan's representative to Thailand from 2020 to 2021.
|ROC Representative to Thailand|
13 August 2020 – 31 August 2021
|Preceded by||Tung Chen-yuan|
|Minister of Environmental Protection Administration of the Republic of China|
20 May 2016 – 1 December 2018
|Deputy||Chang Tzi-chin, Thomas Chan|
|Preceded by||Wei Kuo-yen|
|Succeeded by||Tsai Hung-teh (acting)|
|Member of the Legislative Yuan|
1 February 2012 – 20 May 2016
|Succeeded by||Shih Yi-fang|
|Constituency||Republic of China|
1 February 1996 – August 2000
|Deputy Yunlin County Magistrate |
(as acting from 5 November 2008 to 17 November 2008)
|Secretary-General of the Democratic Progressive Party|
15 January 2008 – 15 May 2008
|Preceded by||Cho Jung-tai|
|Succeeded by||Wang Tuoh|
|Minister of the Council of Labor Affairs|
19 September 2005 – 20 May 2007
|Preceded by||Chen Chu|
|Succeeded by||Lu Tien-ling|
|Secretary-General of the Executive Yuan|
1 February 2005 – 19 September 2005
|Preceded by||Arthur Iap|
|Succeeded by||Cho Jung-tai|
1 February 2002 – 1 July 2002
|Deputy ROC Representative to the United States|
September 2000 – 21 January 2002
Serving with Shen Lyu-shun
|Representative||Stephen S.F. Chen|
|Succeeded by||Michael Tsai|
|Born||16 March 1953|
Yunlin County, Taiwan
|Died||11 November 2021 (aged 68)|
Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan
|Political party||Democratic Progressive Party|
|Alma mater||National Taiwan University|
University of North Carolina
Early life, education and activismEdit
Lee Ying-yuan was born into a family of farmers in 1953. He studied public health at National Taiwan University and earned a master's degree in health policy from Harvard University before receiving his PhD in health economics in 1988 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Upon Lee's graduation, he was slated to teach at NTU, but was placed on a blacklist and barred from returning to Taiwan by the Kuomintang-led government, stemming from his pro-democracy activities in the Formosa Incident during Taiwan's martial law period. During Lee's time as a student in the United States, he was also an active member of the World United Formosans for Independence, which attracted more of the KMT's attention.
Return to TaiwanEdit
After returning to Taiwan through illegal channels and avoiding intelligence agents for fourteen months, Lee was arrested in September 1991, and charged with violation of Article 100 of the Criminal Code. He was released in May 1992, after would-be colleagues at National Taiwan University intervened on his behalf. Revisions to Article 100 were also passed that month, and meant that evidence of possible threats had to be submitted to the Commission of Violence prior to indictment or arrest.
Lee was elected to the Legislative Yuan in 1995. He then became the youngest convener of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) caucus in the legislature. Following DPP’s successful presidential election in 2000, Lee was appointed by President Chen Shui-bian to be the Deputy Representative of the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (TECRO) in the U.S. and then Secretary-General of the Executive Yuan. He was then named the DPP candidate for Taipei City's 2002 mayoral election, losing to incumbent mayor Ma Ying-jeou in a landslide.
|2002 Taipei City mayoral election result|
|Democratic Progressive Party||1||Lee Ying-yuan||488,811||35.89%|
|Kuomintang||2||Ma Ying-jeou||873,102||64.11%|| |
He was named the head of the Council of Labor Affairs in 2005, and stayed on in the Su Tseng-chang cabinet. Under his leadership, the CLA sought to decrease the number of job-related deaths and injuries causing disabilities. In 2008, Lee was named the Secretary-General of the Democratic Progressive Party and deputy Yunlin County magistrate under Su Chih-fen. He resigned the deputy magistracy to run in a legislative-by election caused by the annulment of Chang Sho-wen's election. However, Lee lost a primary to Liu Chien-kuo. He was re-elected to the Legislative Yuan in 2012.
During the summer of 2015, Lee accompanied DPP chairperson and presidential nominee Tsai Ing-wen on her visit to the United States, along with DPP General Secretary Joseph Wu. Lee was named Tsai's Environmental Protection Administration minister after she won the 2016 election. He stated that his goal was to transform the EPA into a full-fledged ministry within 18 months of taking office. On 1 December 2018, Lee stepped down from the EPA.
In June 2020, Lee was appointed representative of Taiwan to Thailand, succeeding Tung Chen-yuan, and formally took office on 13 August 2020. Lee's resignation from the position was approved on 4 August 2021, and took effect on 1 September 2021.
Lee was married to Laura Huang (黃月桂).
- "Additional future Cabinet members announced by DPP – Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. 13 April 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
- Chang, Yun-ping (16 May 2003). "Lee Ying-yuan faults response at Hoping Hospital". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Chu, Monique (4 September 2000). "Lee Ying-yuan: the dissident who became a diplomat". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Snyder, Charles (19 February 2001). "DPP looks to a new era of relations with the US". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Lee, Shyu-tu; Williams, Jack F. (2014). Taiwan's Struggle: Voices of the Taiwanese. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 53–54. ISBN 9781442221437.
- "Lee Ying-yuan". Former Legislators, the 3rd Legislative Yuan (in Chinese). The Legislative Yuan. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
- "Lee is down but not out after defeat". The China Post. 8 December 2002. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
- "The New Cabinet". Taiwan Today. 1 March 2006. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Shan, Shelley (20 February 2006). "Labor council seeks to lower job fatality and disability rates by 20 percent each". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Tsai, June (3 March 2006). "Council of Labor Affairs sets target of 20% fewer job-related accidents". Taiwan Info. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "DPP to nominate Liu in legislative by-election". Taiwan Today. 13 July 2009. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016. Alt URL
- "Lee Ying-yuan". Former Legislators, the 9th Legislative Yuan (in Chinese). The Legislative Yuan. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
- Strong, Matthew (28 May 2015). "Tsai adds Facebook and Cisco to US trip". Taiwan News. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Chen, Wei-han (7 June 2016). "EPA's Lee to turn agency into full-fledged ministry". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Lu, Hsin-huei; Lee, Hsin-Yin (1 December 2018). "3 ministers resign in wake of DPP's landslide election loss". Central News Agency. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
- "Foreign envoys announced". Taipei Times. 12 June 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
- Chung, Yu-chen; Lu, Hsin-hui; Yeh, Joseph (4 August 2021). "Taiwan's top envoy to Thailand resigns citing health reasons". Central News Agency. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
- Tsai, Ting-i (11 September 2002). "Annie Lee supports Lee Ying-yuan for Taipei mayoral post". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "Taiwan's former top envoy to Thailand dies at 68". Central News Agency. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
- "駐泰前代表李應元病逝 享壽68歲". United Daily News (in Chinese). 11 November 2021.
- Media related to Lee Ying-yuan at Wikimedia Commons