Ice hockey at the 1952 Winter Olympics
The men's ice hockey tournament at the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo, Norway, was the 7th Olympic Championship, also serving as the 19th World Championships and the 30th European Championships. The tournament was mainly played at the Jordal Amfi Arena, as well as the stadiums at Dælenenga (in Oslo), Kadettangen (Sandvika), Marienlyst (Drammen) and Lillestrøm (Lillestrøm). Canada, represented by the Edmonton Mercurys, won its sixth Olympic gold medal and 15th World Championship. Highest finishing European team Sweden won the bronze medal and its sixth European Championship.
|Venue(s)||Jordal Amfi Arena, Dælenenga, Kadettangen, Marienlyst and Lillestrøm|
|Canada (6th title)|
|Goals scored||335 (9.05 per match)|
|Scoring leader(s)||Billy Gibson (19 points)|
The tournament was nearly not played at all. Discussions began in 1950, whether or not ice hockey would be included in the 1952 Winter Olympics. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) sought assurance that participating teams would adhere to its amateur code rather than the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) code, and also wanted to exclude IIHF president Fritz Kraatz from negotiations. IIHF past-president W. G. Hardy, and secretary George Dudley agreed there would be no negotiations on those terms, nor would they repudiate Kraatz. Dudley expected the IIHF to discuss having its own 1952 Ice Hockey World Championships instead, and stated that the Olympics would be a financial failure without the inclusion of hockey. In 1951 it was decided to drop hockey from the Olympic programme because of the controversies surrounding the 1948 Games. However, at the IOC congress in Romania the same year, it was reinstated. W. G. Hardy advocated for the inclusion of the Soviet Union national ice hockey team, provided there is no political interference. Despite his advocacy the Soviet authorities did not apply in time to be included in the tournament.
Teams from Germany and Czechoslovakia rejoined the top level of international hockey this year. Nine nations played a round-robin with the top three nations receiving medals at the end. Swiss newspapers criticized the rough play by Canada and the United States team, and questioned whether hockey should be part of the Olympics. Canadian Amateur Hockey Association president Doug Grimston felt the games were tame compared to North American standards and that the Olympics would suffer without hockey which was its biggest attraction.
After Canada and the United States played to a draw in the final game of the round-robin, which placed the teams first and second respectively in the standings for the gold and silver medals. Had Canada won, the United States would have placed fourth. A newspaper in Moscow charged that a deal had been made to predetermine the outcome and assure the United States of a silver medal and to exclude the Czechoslovakia team from a medal. Canada won their sixth Olympic title, and fifteenth World title. The USA finished one point ahead of both Sweden and Czechoslovakia who both finished with six wins and two losses, additionally, they had an equal goal differential of +29. The Czechoslovaks had defeated the Swedes four to nothing on the final day, and believed that they had won the Olympic bronze, and the European Championship. However, organizers decided that they should play a final tie-breaking game, in which the Swedes overcame a three-goal deficit to win five to three.
World Championships Group A (Norway)Edit
- February 15
- Norway 2–3 USA
- Sweden 9–2 Finland
- Czechoslovakia 8–2 Poland
- Canada 15–1 Germany
- February 16
- Switzerland 12–0 Finland
- USA 8–2 Germany
- Norway 0–6 Czechoslovakia
- Sweden 17–1 Poland
- February 17
- Norway 2–4 Sweden
- Czechoslovakia 6–1 Germany
- Canada 13–3 Finland
- Switzerland 6–3 Poland
- February 18
- USA 8–2 Finland
- Sweden 7–3 Germany
- Canada 11–0 Poland
- Norway 2–7 Switzerland
- February 19
- USA 8–2 Switzerland
- Canada 4–1 Czechoslovakia
- February 20
- Norway 2–5 Finland
- Poland 4–4 Germany
- February 21
- Sweden 4–2 USA
- Norway 2–6 Germany
- Canada 11–2 Switzerland
- Czechoslovakia 11–2 Finland
- February 22
- USA 5–3 Poland
- Finland 5–1 Germany
- Canada 3–2 Sweden
- Czechoslovakia 8–3 Switzerland
- February 23
- USA 6–3 Czechoslovakia
- Poland 4–2 Finland
- Norway 2–11 Canada
- Sweden 5–2 Switzerland
- February 24
- Czechoslovakia 4–0 Sweden
- Canada 3–3 USA
- Norway 3–4 Poland
- Switzerland 6–3 Germany
- February 25 *
- Sweden 5–3 Czechoslovakia
* Sweden and Czechoslovakia were tied with identical record and goal differentials, so a tie breaker game was played.
World Championship Group B (Belgium)Edit
|15 March||France vs. Netherlands||7–3||1–0, 3–1, 3–2|
|16 March||Belgium vs. Italy||1–3||1–0, 0–0, 0–3|
|16 March||Austria vs. Netherlands||5–5||1–2, 4–1, 0–2|
|17 March||Belgium vs. Great Britain||5–1||4–1, 0–0, 1–0|
|17 March||Austria vs. Italy||5–1||1–1, 0–0, 4–0|
|18 March||Great Britain vs. Netherlands||8–1||3–0, 3–0, 2–1|
|18 March||Belgium vs. France||3–3||0–2, 2–0, 1–1|
|19 March||Italy vs. Netherlands||5–3||1–2, 1–0, 3–1|
|20 March||Great Britain vs. France||10–0||4–0, 5–0, 1–0|
|20 March||Belgium vs. Austria||7–10||2–2, 2–6, 3–2|
|21 March||Italy vs. France||14–5||4–1, 5–1, 5–3|
|21 March||Great Britain vs. Austria||2–1||0–0, 2–1, 0–0|
|22 March||Austria vs. France||11–4||3–0, 0–4, 8–0|
|22 March||Great Britain vs. Italy||7–3||2–1, 1–1, 3–1|
|22 March||Belgium vs. Netherlands||1–7||1–3, 0–3, 0–1|
Team Germany was the oldest team in the tournament, averaging 27 years and 10 months. Team Norway was the youngest team in the tournament, averaging 23 years and 9 months. Gold medalists Canada averaged 26 years and 5 months. Tournament average was 25 years and 8 months.
European Championship medal tableEdit
- "Ice Hockey at the 1952 Oslo Winter Games". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
- "International Puck Bodies Widely Split". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. May 18, 1950. p. 17.
- Duplacey p. 503
- "News Bulletins". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. January 15, 1952. p. 1.
- Findling and Pelle (1996), pp. 254–255
- US War Department (1952), pp. 11
- "No Rowdyism Says I.I.H.F. Chief Kraatz". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. February 22, 1952. p. 18.
- "U.S.-Canada Tie Rapped In Russia". Charleston Gazette. Charleston, West Virginia. February 28, 1952. p. 15. ; "Reds Suggest Fix Was On". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. February 28, 1952. p. 23.
- "Canuck Pucksters May Not Enter Olympics Again". Fairbanks Daily News Miner. Fairbanks, Alaska. March 6, 1952. p. 2.
- "Team Canada - Olympics - Oslo 1952 - Player Stats". QuantHockey. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
- Duplacey, James (1998). Total Hockey: The official encyclopedia of the National Hockey League. Total Sports. pp. 498–528. ISBN 0-8362-7114-9.
- Podnieks, Andrew (2010). IIHF Media Guide & Record Book 2011. Moydart Press. p. 107.
- Jeux Olympiques d'Oslo 1952
- Ishockey VM OS 1947-1954
- Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (1996). Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympic Movement. Westport, United States: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 258. ISBN 0-313-28477-6. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
1956 winter olympics.
- Armed Forces Talk. US War Department. 1952.