Gurbanmuhammet Kasymow, also spelled Kurbanmuhammed Kasymov or Gurbanmukhammet Kasimov, (July 30, 1954 – September 2, 2021) was a Turkmen politician, lawyer, and diplomat. He headed several government ministries under former President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov, including Minister of Internal Affairs from 1993 to 1998, Minister of Defense from 1998 to 1999, and Minister of Justice from 1999 until 2001. Kasymow was one of the few former Turkmen government ministers who was not arrested or persecuted by Turkmenistan's presidents after leaving office. He later served as Ambassador to China from 2001 to 2008 and Ambassador to Kazakhstan from 2008 until 2009.
He has been described as one of the most influential government officials within the government of President Saparmurat Niyazov during the 1990s. He served as interior minister from 1993 to 1998, during which he actively suppressed anti-government protests in Ashgabat in 1995, leading to the imprisonment of dozens of opposition activists. He then became Minister of Defense from 1998 to 1999 and Minister of Justice from 1999 until 2001.
Kasymow next served as Ambassador to China from 2001 to 2008 and Ambassador to Kazakhstan from 2008 until 2009. He remained a policy advisor within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs until shortly before his death.
Gurbanmuhammet Kasymow died from complications of COVID-19 at his residence in Gokje, a former village in Ashgabat, on September 2, 2021, at the age of 68. The government publicly denies the presence of COVID-19 in Turkmenistan and Kasymow's death was not reported in the Turkmen media.
- "Источники: бывший министр, вице-премьер и посол Туркменистана скончался от COVID-19". Radio Azatlyk. 2021-09-13. Archived from the original on 2021-09-13. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
- "В Туркменистане от COVID-19 скончался бывший вице-премьер Курбанмухаммед Касымов". Radio Azatlyk. 2021-09-13. Archived from the original on 2021-09-13. Retrieved 2021-09-14.