Burnt Offerings (film)
Burnt Offerings is a 1976 American supernatural horror film co-written and directed by Dan Curtis and starring Karen Black, Oliver Reed and Bette Davis, and Lee H. Montgomery, with Eileen Heckart, Burgess Meredith and Anthony James in smaller roles. It is based on the 1973 novel of the same name by Robert Marasco. The plot follows a family who begins to interpersonally dissolve under supernatural forces in a large estate they have rented for the summer.
|Directed by||Dan Curtis|
|Written by||Dan Curtis|
William F. Nolan
|Based on||Burnt Offerings |
by Robert Marasco
|Produced by||Dan Curtis|
|Cinematography||Jacques R. Marquette|
|Edited by||Dennis Virkler|
|Music by||Bob Cobert|
Produzioni Europee Associati (PEA)
Dan Curtis Productions
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||$1.56 million|
While the film received mixed reviews from critics, it won several awards in 1977. Originally set on Long Island, New York, the movie moves the action to California and was the first movie to be filmed at Dunsmuir House in Oakland, California.
Writer Ben Rolf, his wife Marian, and their 12-year-old son Davey tour a large, shabby, remote neo-classical 19th-century mansion to rent for the summer. The home's eccentric owners, elderly siblings Arnold and Rosalyn Allardyce, offer them a bargain price of $900 for the entire summer, with one odd request: Their elderly mother, who they claim is 85 but could pass for 60, will continue to live in her upstairs room, and the Rolfs are to provide her with meals during their stay. The siblings explain that the old woman is obsessed with privacy and will not interact with them, so meals are to be left outside her door. Marian eagerly accepts this task, having begun to succumb to the allure of the ornate house and its period decor.
The family arrives at the house at the beginning of summer along with Ben's elderly Aunt Elizabeth, a painter. Marian quickly becomes obsessed with caring for the home, and eventually wears the Victorian era garments she finds in Mrs. Allardyce's suite, while increasingly distancing herself from her family. Of particular interest to her is Mrs. Allardyce's sitting room, which contains a collection of framed portraits of people from different eras, presumably former occupants of the house, and a music box. Mrs. Allardyce's meals go mostly untouched, according to Marian, who expresses concern. Various unusual circumstances occur during the summer: After Davey falls and hurts his knee playing in the garden, a dead plant starts to grow again; Ben cuts his hand on a champagne bottle, and a dead light bulb in the kitchen storeroom is mysteriously repaired; while playing in the pool, Ben turns violent and almost drowns Davey; a gas heater in Davey's bedroom turns itself on and the windows and door lock shut; Ben is haunted by a dream and a waking vision of an eerie, malevolently grinning hearse driver whom Ben first saw, or thought he saw, at his mother's funeral many years earlier. With each "accident," the house further restores itself.
Initially unknown to her family, Marian is becoming possessed by the spirit of the house. When Aunt Elizabeth suddenly becomes ill and dies, Marian does not attend the funeral. She steps into the previously barren conservatory to discover the plants have revived and bloomed. Ben and Davey return to the house after the funeral. Ben confronts Marian, who retreats to Mrs. Allardyce's sitting room. Ben angrily confronts her about what her obsession with the house is doing to their family. When she denies it, he reveals his intention to leave the next day, "with or without you".
Ben sleeps in an armchair in his son's room but awakens to a commotion outside. Looking out the window, he sees that old shingles and siding are falling away, replaced by new ones as the house rejuvenates itself. He attempts to escape with his son, but a tree blocks the road. When Marian drives them back to the house, Ben accuses her of being a part of what is going on, then sees her as the chauffeur, and becomes catatonic. The next day, while Davey is swimming and a still catatonic Ben is watching him, the placid pool water turns churns into vicious waves, pulling the boy under as Ben is unable to move. Only Marian has the power to save her son. She dives in and rescues him, the incident awakening Ben out of his catatonic state. Marian agrees that it's time to leave.
As Ben readies his family to leave, Marian insists on going back inside to tell Mrs. Allardyce they are leaving and give her their phone number. When Marian fails to return to the car, Ben goes inside to find her, but cannot. Ben decides to confront Mrs. Allardyce, whom he has never seen. He is horrified when he discovers that his wife has now become the old woman in the attic. Ben is thrown from an attic window, landing on the windshield of his car. In shock, Davey runs toward the house and is killed when one of the chimneys falls on him.
With the house and grounds now fully rejuvenated, the Allardyce siblings reappear and are heard marveling at the restored beauty of their home and rejoicing over the return of their "mother". The photo collection now includes photos of Ben, Davey and Aunt Elizabeth, the latest victims.
In a Variety piece published on December 11, 1969, it was announced a project named Burnt Offerings would be directed by Bob Fosse from a screenplay by Robert Marasco; Turman Films and Cinema Center Films would be producers and Lawrence Turman executive producer. Although it never materialized, a novel of the same name by Marasco was published in 1973. The American Film Institute inductively reasoned the book may have been written based on the un-produced screenplay.
Burnt Offerings was directed by Dan Curtis, most known for television horror works such as the series Dark Shadows (1966–1971) and films like The Night Stalker (1972). It was the only theatrical feature he ever directed. When offered to do the project, he found the novel uninteresting, particularly what he called its "nothing" ending, and joked to himself, "I bet some idiot who doesn't know what he's doing will come along and make this."
Filming took place in August 1975 at the Dunsmuir House located in Oakland, California. Burnt Offerings was the first movie to be filmed at the Dunsmuir House. According to a commentary with Dan Curtis, William F. Nolan, and Karen Black, Curtis reveals that his rationale for the fog machine was to shoot "motes."
Arizona Republic critic Mike Petryni was creeped out by the film, particularly the smiling chauffeur, but felt it was ruined by a emphasis on constant thrills over subtle horror. He also was confused about several concepts, such as why Marian was handling Mrs. Allardyce's trays. George Anderson of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette criticized the film as dependent on typical horror tropes such as shocks and loud music hits; he also described the tension as "a lot of sinister huffing and puffing to little effect", noting how most of the runtime is spent on mystery of which characters are the antagonists or protagonists.
While calling Meredith and Heckart the best performers in the film, Richard Dyer of The Boston Globe argued the material gave the actors little to work with; he called Black "particularly inconsistent", Reed "looking like an eggplant", and stated Davis "tries to create a Bette Davis character without any Bette Davis lines to work with, so all she can do is puff and snort a lot".
Movie critic Roger Ebert called the film "a mystery, all right", concluding "Burnt Offerings just persists, until it occurs to us that the characters are the only ones in the theater who don't know what's going to happen next." Variety stated "The horror is expressed through sudden murderous impulses felt by Black and Reed, a premise which might have been interesting if director Dan Curtis hadn't relied strictly on formula treatment."
|Saturn Awards||Best Horror Film||Won|
|Best Director||Dan Curtis|
|Best Supporting Actress||Bette Davis|
|Sitges Film Festival||Best Director||Dan Curtis|
|Best Actor||Burgess Meredith|
|Best Actress||Karen Black|
Rovi Donald Guarisco of Movie Guide called the film "worthy of rediscovery by the horror fans who missed it the first time", concluding "In the end, Burnt Offerings is probably a bit too methodical in its pacing for viewers accustomed to slam-bang approach of post-'70s horror fare but seasoned horror fans will find plenty to enjoy..." In addition to the slow build, Starburst's Robert Martin spotlighted its cast, particularly the chemistry between Reed and Montgomery, Black's "loving and murderous" combination, and Davis' "uncomfortable" heart attack scene. However, he also felt the overall product was held back by its TV film look, particularly its "flat cinematography" and visuals that were more "clever" than scary.
Burnt Offerings was part of a trend in 1970s horror films focused on the supernatural, such as The Omen (1976), Carrie (1976), Audrey Rose (1977), and The Amityville Horror (1979).:124 It also was one of many horror films in the 1970s and early 1980s, such as The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974) and Poltergeist (1982), presenting the negative impacts of middle class life, such as empty-headed consumerism; in the film, the family is destroyed by a house they otherwise dreamed of, generic-looking, in the middle of nowhere, and meant for leisure.:4 In the 1978 book An Introduction to American Movies, Steven C. Earley cited Ben's fall onto a car window as an example of the high presence of violence in films of the 1970s.:117 Retrospective reviews viewed the story as a criticism on obsession on property ownership and the destruction of the nuclear family.
In 2003, MGM released a region 1 DVD of Burnt Offerings. The original video shape is in wide screen (16:9) and also features an audio commentary with Dan Curtis, Karen Black and William F. Nolan. The DVD was poorly received. Reviewers criticized the video quality, which appeared to have been shot with soft focus, and the Dolby Digital Mono audio that made the voices muddy and indistinct.
A Blu-ray of the film was released on October 6, 2015 by Kino Lorber.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Released||June 28, 2011|
Like most other Dan Curtis works, the music for Burnt Offerings was composed and conducted by Robert Cobert. In 2011, years after the film's release, the original full soundtrack album was released by Counterpoint and was limited to only 3,000 copies. The album features all of Cobert's original score, plus alternate tracks not used in the film including two alternate Music Box Themes. The CD booklet is 20 pages long and illustrated with photos taken from the set of the film during production. An original suite of the film's soundtrack can be found on the 2000 Robert Cobert collection album The Night Stalker and Other Classic Thrillers.
All tracks are written by Robert Cobert.
|2.||"Memories of a Lifetime"||2:06|
|3.||"17 Shore Road"||2:08|
|4.||"Mrs. Allardyce's Room"||0:53|
|5.||"Music Box Theme"||2:50|
|6.||"Danger at the Pool"||2:53|
|8.||"The Pool After Dark"||0:32|
|9.||"Rendezvous Gone Wrong"||2:10|
|10.||"Aunt Elizabeth Investigates"||2:06|
|12.||"The Clocks Restart/The Gas Leaks"||0:50|
|13.||"Marian & Aunt Elizabeth's Quarrel"||2:06|
|14.||"Aunt Elizabeth Falls Ill"||4:42|
|15.||"Music Box Theme"||1:29|
|16.||"Terror Up the Stairs"||2:19|
|18.||"Rejuvenation and Attempted Escape"||2:44|
|19.||"The Ride Back"||1:32|
|21.||"Ben Confronts Terror"||1:43|
|22.||"The Final Horror"||1:29|
|23.||"A House Reborn/End Title"||3:08|
|26.||"Family in Danger"||1:35|
|27.||"Main Title (Outtake)"||3:18|
|28.||"Music Box Theme (Piano Version 1)"||2:51|
|29.||"Alternate Music Box Theme #1 (Celesta Version)"||1:06|
|30.||"Alternate Music Box Theme #2 (Piano Version 2)"||2:21|
|31.||"Music Box Theme (shorter version)"||2:37|
|32.||"Main Title (Reprise-Outtake)"||0:45|
- Excitement--and waiting: That's how life is for actors and crew on location with the big-budget thriller 'Burnt Offerings' In Dunsmuir House Old style is done with By David Sterritt. The Christian Science Monitor 13 Sep 1976: 23.
- Richard Nowell, Blood Money: A History of the First Teen Slasher Film Cycle, Continuum, 2011, pg. 256
- Variety film review; August 25, 1976, page 20.
- "Burnt Offerings". American Film Institute. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
- Morton, Lisa (May 2015). "Interview: William F. Nolan". Nightmare Magazine. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
- Beck, Marilyn (July 29, 1976). "Why is Dan Curtis so pleased?". The Courier-Journal. p. 19. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
- Thompson, Jeff (2009). The Television Horrors of Dan Curtis: Dark Shadows, the Night Stalker and Other Productions, 1966-2006. McFarland. p. 154. ISBN 978-0786453375.
- Burnt Offerings: Commentary (Media notes). Dan Curtis. MGM/DVD. 2003 .CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
- Spada, James (1993). More Than a Woman. Little, Brown and Company; ISBN 0-316-90880-0, page 414; accessed July 31, 2013.
- Petryni, Mike (September 24, 1976). "'Burnt Offerings' is spooky". Arizona Republic. p. 71. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
- Anderson, George (October 13, 1976). "Burnt Offerings Mild Thriller at Warner". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 18. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
- Dyer, Richard (October 5, 1976). "'Burnt Offerings' hard to swallow". The Boston Globe. p. 24. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
- Ebert, Roger (October 23, 2004). "Burnt Offerings: Movie Review". rogerebert.com. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
- Donald Guarisco, Rovi. "Burnt Offerings: movie review". Movie Guide. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- Martin, Robert (October 18, 2016). "Burnt Offerings". Starburst. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
- King, Claire Sisco (April 2007). "Acting Out and Sounding Off: Sacrifice and Performativity in Alice, Sweet Alice" (PDF). Text and Performance Quarterly. 27 (2): 124–142. doi:10.1080/10462930701251199. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
- Snyder, Stephen (Fall 1982). "Family Life and Leisure Culture in 'The Shining'". Film Criticism. 7 (1): 4–13. JSTOR 44018714. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
- Earley, Steven C. (1978). An Introduction to American Movies. New American Library. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
- Berriman, Ian (December 2016). "Burnt Offerings". SFX. No. 28. p. 109. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
- Blackford, James (February 2017). "Burnt Offerings". Sight & Sound. 27 (2): 96. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
- Jawetz, Gil (August 26, 2003). "Burnt Offerings: DVD Review". DVD Talk. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
- Garbarini, Todd (June 29, 2011). "SOUNDTRACK REVIEW: "Burnt Offerings - a Hell of a Great Score"". Cinema Retro. Retrieved December 14, 2011.