Sir Antony Arthur Acland provost of Eton College.(12 March 1930 – 8 September 2021) was a British diplomat and a
|British Ambassador to the United States|
|Preceded by||Sir Oliver Wright|
|Succeeded by||Sir Robin Renwick|
|Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs|
|Preceded by||Sir Michael Palliser|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Wright of Richmond|
|British Ambassador to Spain|
|Preceded by||Sir Charles Wiggin|
|Succeeded by||Sir Richard Parsons|
|British Ambassador to Luxembourg|
|Preceded by||John Roper|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Wright of Richmond|
|Principal Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary|
|Preceded by||John Graham|
|Succeeded by||Stephen Barrett|
Anthony Arthur Acland
12 March 1930
|Died||8 September 2021(aged 91)|
Clare Anne Verdon
(m. 1956; died 1984)
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Antony Acland was the second son of Bridget Susan (Barnett) and Brigadier Peter Acland. He was educated at Eton College, then in 1948 joined the Royal Artillery with a post-war "emergency commission". After short army service he went up to Christ Church, Oxford, gaining a BA degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics in 1953 (later upgraded to MA). After leaving Oxford in 1953 he went straight into the Foreign Office (FO).
After studying at the Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, Acland was posted to Dubai and then Kuwait, then back to the FO as Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary (Selwyn Lloyd, then Lord Home) 1959–62. He then served at the UK Mission to the UN, first in New York City 1962–66, then at Geneva 1966–68. Back at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) he was head of the Arabian department 1970–72.
Acland was Principal Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary (Sir Alec Douglas-Home, then James Callaghan) 1972–75. He was Ambassador to Luxembourg 1975–77 and to Spain 1977–79. He was Deputy Under-Secretary at the FCO 1979–82, a post which then entailed chairing the Joint Intelligence Committee. In 1982 he was promoted to Permanent Under-Secretary and head of the Diplomatic Service. Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands in April 1982 and Acland came into collision with the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, over the diplomatic response. At one point during a heated discussion he threatened to resign, whereupon Thatcher backed down and said "All right, no more Foreign Office bashing."
Acland was appointed Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in the 1976 New Year Honours and made a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in November of that year after the Queen's state visit to Luxembourg, after which he was styled "Sir Antony Acland". He was given the additional knighthood of Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in the 1982 Birthday Honours and promoted to Knight Grand Cross of that same order in the 1986 Birthday Honours and Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order in the 1991 Birthday Honours. He was Chancellor of the Order of St Michael and St George between 1994 and 2005. In 2001 he was given the rare honour of appointment as a Knight of the Order of the Garter.
In 1956, Acland married Clare Anne Verdon; they had a daughter and two sons, including Simon Acland. Clare died in 1984; in 1987 he married Jennifer McGougan.
|Ancestors of Antony Acland|
- "No. 38520". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 January 1949. p. 442.
- BDOHP 2001, p. 2.
- "No. 46681". The London Gazette. 11 September 1975. p. 11464.
- BDOHP 2001, p. 33.
- "No. 52592". The London Gazette. 2 July 1991. p. 10098.
- "Founding Council". Rothermere American Institute. Archived from the original on 17 November 2012.
- "No. 46777". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1975. p. 4.
- "No. 47074". The London Gazette. 23 November 1976. p. 15755.
- "No. 49008". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 1982. p. 4.
- "No. 50551". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 1986. p. 3.
- "No. 52557". The London Gazette. 11 June 1991. p. 8957.
- "Court Circular". The Independent. 10 June 1994. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013.
- "No. 56183". The London Gazette. 23 April 2001. p. 4839.
- [Telegraph Obituaries] (9 September 2021). "Sir Antony Acland, Foreign Office Permanent Under-Secretary and Ambassador to the US who became a favourite of Mrs Thatcher – obituary". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
- Bishop, Donna-Louise (9 September 2021). "Organisations across Norfolk pay tribute to Sir Timothy Colman". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- "Anthony Acland's banner of arms image". Heraldic Sculptor. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "Banner image". St George-Windsor. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "Anthony Acland's crest image". Heraldic Sculptor. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "Acland, Sir Antony (Arthur)". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- "Sir Antony Acland interviewed by Liz Cox on Monday 23 April 2001" (PDF). British Diplomatic Oral History Programme (BDOHP). Churchill College, Cambridge. Retrieved 10 September 2021.