Adlai Stevenson III
Adlai Ewing Stevenson III (October 10, 1930 – September 6, 2021) was an American attorney and politician of the Democratic Party who represented Illinois in the United States Senate from 1970 until 1981. A member of the prominent Stevenson family, he also served as a member of the Illinois House of Representatives and Illinois Treasurer. He unsuccessfully ran for governor of Illinois in 1982 and 1986. He has been awarded Japan’s Order of the Sacred Treasure with gold and silver stars and is an honorary Professor of Renmin University, China. 
Adlai Stevenson III
|United States Senator|
November 17, 1970 – January 3, 1981
|Preceded by||Ralph Tyler Smith|
|Succeeded by||Alan J. Dixon|
|63rd Treasurer of Illinois|
January 9, 1967 – November 17, 1970
|Governor||Otto Kerner Jr.|
Samuel H. Shapiro
Richard B. Ogilvie
|Preceded by||William Scott|
|Succeeded by||Charles W. Woodford|
|Member of the Illinois House of Representatives|
from the at-large district
January 13, 1965 – January 11, 1967
Adlai Ewing Stevenson III
October 10, 1930
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||September 6, 2021 (aged 90)|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Children||4, including Adlai IV|
|Relatives||Adlai Stevenson II (father)|
See Stevenson family
|Education||Harvard University (AB, LLB)|
|Branch/service||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1952–1954 (active)|
Early life, education, and early career (1930-1964)Edit
Adlai Stevenson III was born in Chicago, the son of Ellen Borden and two time Democratic Party presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson II. He attended Milton Academy in Massachusetts, Harrow School in England, and Harvard College. He received a law degree in 1957 from Harvard Law School. Stevenson was commissioned as a lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1952, served in Korea and was discharged from active duty in 1954. He continued to serve in the Marine Reserves and was discharged in 1961 as a captain. In 1957, Stevenson went to work as a clerk for a Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court and worked there until 1958 when he joined the law firm of Brown and Platt.
Early political career (1964-1970)Edit
Illinois House of RepresentativesEdit
In 1964, Stevenson was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives as an at-large representative due to reapportionment problems, serving from 1965 to 1967. During his time in the state house, he won a Best Legislator award from the Independent Voters of Illinois.
Treasurer of IllinoisEdit
United States Senate (1970-1986)Edit
Following the death of incumbent U.S. Senator Everett Dirksen, who died in 1969. Stevenson an for the seat. He faced former state representative Ralph Tyler Smith in the general election, who was appointed to the seat by governor Richard B. Ogilvie. Stevenson defeated Smith in a 1970 special election by a 58% to 42% margin to fill Dirksen's unexpired term.
In the Senate, Stevenson served on the Commerce Committee (Chairman of the Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space), Banking Committee (Chairman of the Subcommittee on International Finance) and Intelligence Committee (Chairman, Subcommittee on the Collection and Production of Intelligence). He was the first Chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee charged with implementing a code of ethics he helped draft. Stevenson was also chairman of a Special Senate Committee which led the first major reorganization of the Senate since its Committee system was formed in the early 19th Century.
Stevenson was sworn in as senator on November 17, 1970.
Stevenson opposed the Vietnam War. He condemned Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Indochina policies and the violent police tactics at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968, renewed his attacks on Republican President Richard M. Nixon’s prosecution of the war. He also Stevenson introduced legislation requiring an end to all foreign aid to South Vietnam by June 30, 1975.
Stevenson was highly critical of Republican President Richard M. Nixon during the Watergate scandal. He called on Nixon to answer for the integrity of the country’s leaders. “All of us — Republicans and Democrats — have an interest in clearing the record,” he said a year before Nixon resigned in disgrace. “The faith of the people in their system and their leaders — a faith that has already been shaken enough — is at stake.”
Stevenson authored the International Banking Act of 1978, the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 and its companion, the Bayh–Dole Act, to foster cooperative research, organize national laboratories for technology utilization and commercialization, and permit private sector interests in government-funded research. He was the first chairman of the United States Senate Select Committee on Ethics charged with implementing a code of ethics he helped draft. Stevenson was also chairman of a special Senate committee that reorganized the Senate and served on the United States Senate Democratic Policy Committee. He also conducted the first in-depth congressional study of terrorism as chairman of the Subcommittee on the Collection and Production of Intelligence, leading to introduction of the Comprehensive Counter Terrorism Act of 1971. He warned of "spectacular acts of disruption and destruction" and an amendment that proposed reducing assistance for Israel by $200 million. His amendment received seven votes.
1976 Presidential electionEdit
Stevenson was encouraged to run for president in 1976, which was fueled by r Richard J. Daley of Chicago, who resented the senator’s liberal reforms but who knew a vote-getter when he saw one. The senator declined to campaign, but as the nominating process got underway, Daley forces ran him as a favorite son candidate.
Vice presidential finalistEdit
Despite this, former Gov. Jimmy Carter of Georgia locked up the nomination before the 1976 Democratic National Convention, in New York. He was, however, one of the finalists for vice president at the convention, though Carter eventually chose U.S. Senator Walter Mondale from Minnesota.
Post-Senate career (1980-2021)Edit
In the 1982 campaign, Stevenson complained that Thompson was trying to portray him as an ineffectual elitist by famously stating, "He is saying 'Me tough guy,' as if to imply that I’m some kind of wimp." The initial vote count showed Stevenson winning; however, the final official count showed him losing by 0.14 percent. Stevenson promptly petitioned the Illinois Supreme Court for a recount and presented evidence of widespread election irregularities, including evidence of a failed punch card system for tabulation of votes. Three days before the gubernatorial inauguration, the court denied the recount by a one-vote margin, asserting that the Illinois recount statute was unconstitutional.
In the 1986 statewide Democratic primaries, Democratic voters nominated allies of Lyndon LaRouche for lieutenant governor and secretary of state. Stevenson objected to their platform and refused to appear on the same ticket. Instead, he organized the Illinois Solidarity Party to provide an alternate slate for governor, lieutenant governor, and secretary of state, which was endorsed by Democratic Party of Illinois. Persuading Democrats to vote for most of the Democratic ticket as well as the Solidarity candidates for governor, lieutenant governor, and secretary of state was an unconventional strategy; however, Stevenson and the candidate for lieutenant governor position, Mike Howlett, won 40% of the vote.
Business and cultural relationsEdit
After leaving the Senate, Stevenson was active in business and cultural relations with East Asia. He was chairman of SC&M Investment Management Corporation, and co-chairman of HuaMei Capital Company (the first Chinese-American investment bank).
He also held many positions with non-profit organizations in this area. He served as chairman of the Japan-America Society of Chicago, the Midwest U.S.-Japan Association, and the Midwest U.S.-China Association, and as president of the U.S. Committee of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC). He was also co-chairman of the PECC's Financial Market Development Project, a member of the U.S.-Korea Wisemen Council, and sat on the board of directors of the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy. He was alsochairman of the international Adlai Stevenson Center on Democracy housed at the family home, a national historic landmark, near Libertyville, Illinois. Stevenson was also a member of the ReFormers Caucus of Issue One.
Stevenson's great-grandfather Adlai E. Stevenson I was Vice President of the United States (1893–1897) during Grover Cleveland's second term. His grandfather Lewis Stevenson was Illinois secretary of state (1914–1917). His father, Adlai Stevenson II, was governor of Illinois, Ambassador to the United Nations, and two-time Democratic presidential nominee. Actor McLean Stevenson was his third cousin. Adlai III is also more distant cousins with actor Parker Stevenson and author Robert Louis Stevenson.
Marriage and childrenEdit
Stevenson met his future wife, Nancy Anderson, in 1953 while he was in tank training at Fort Knox, Kentucky in preparation for his deployment to Japan and then Korea. The couple was married in 1955 at Nancy’s home outside of Louisville. Together, they had four children. His son Adlai Stevenson IV is a business executive and former journalist. Though Adlai IV had previously expressed his intention to be "Adlai the last," his son, Adlai Ewing Stevenson V, was born in the summer of 1994.
In addition to Adlai IV, he is survived by another son, Warwick; as well as two daughters, Lucy and Katherine; his brothers; and at least nine grandchildren.
- Stevenson authored The Black Book, which records American history and culture from within its politics as his family knew it over five generations, starting with his great great grandfather, Jesse W. Fell, who was Abraham Lincoln's patron and persuaded him to run for president. As well as his grandfather Lewis Stevenson, an Illinois secretary of state, who unsuccessfully sought the Democratic vice-presidential nomination in 1928.
Stevenson has been honored with a number of awards, which include :
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- Lawrence Kestenbaum. "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Stevenson to Steward". Politicalgraveyard.com. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Callahan, Carole Riester (1973). "Stevenson of Illinois: Identification in the 1970 senatorial campaign of Adlai E. Stevenson III". Central States Speech Journal. 24 (4): 272–277. doi:10.1080/10510977309363183. ISSN 0008-9575 – via Taylor and Francis Online.
- ""Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1970"" (PDF). Clerk of the United States House of Representatives: 7.
- McFadden, Robert D. (September 7, 2021). "Adlai E. Stevenson III, Ex-Senator and Scion of Political Family, Dies at 90". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
- Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 306. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
- "S.1250 - Stevenson Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980". Congress. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- O'Donnell, Maureen (September 7, 2021). "Adlai Stevenson III, former U.S. senator, Illinois candidate for governor, dead at 90". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Reflections on Illinois and the nation by Adlai Stevenson III". Daily Journal. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Daley gives Stevenson endorsement". Vidette Archive. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Sen. Adlai Stevenson III: Staking out his role in Illinois and Washington ", Illinois Issues.
- "Stevenson, Adlai III". Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "'Wimp' Factor Surfaces Again," The Associated Press (AP), Friday, September 27, 1985. Retrieved September 9, 2021
- Taylor, Paul (November 5, 1982). "An Old Cook County Tradition". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- Janssen, Kim (April 19, 2017). "Adlai Stevenson III, honored by Illinois group, laments loss in civility in Senate". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- Pearson, Rick (November 9, 2000). "Bitter Fight in '82 Race for Governor Still Fresh". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- Kraft, Scott; Green, Larry (March 28, 1986). "Stevenson Will Bolt Ticket to Avoid LaRouche Backers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- Arriaga, Alexandra (April 25, 2018). "History not on third party candidates' sides — but will it be on Rauner's?". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Official Vote Cast at the General Election November 4, 1986" (PDF). Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Full Text of HR0221". Illinois General Assembly. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- Yerak, Becky (October 2, 2007). "Firm looks to tap Chinese capital". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Adlai Stevenson Center on Democracy". Stevenson Center. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Sen. Adlai Stevenson (D-IL) joins the ReFormers Caucus". Issue One. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- "Former Members of Parliament from United States". UNPA. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
- "The Stevenson Family". Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Actor Mclean Stevenson". Illinois State Society. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Adai E. Stevenson III Official Site". www.adlai3.com. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
- "Boca Raton News - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Turner, Patricia. "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH THE FORMER SENATOR OF ILLINOIS: ADLAI E. STEVENSON III". Megadiversities.com. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "The Black Book". Adlai3.com. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- "Laureates by Year - The Lincoln Academy of Illinois". The Lincoln Academy of Illinois. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
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