Abul Kalam Qasmi
Abul Kalam Qasmi (20 December 1950 – 8 July 2021) was an Indian scholar, critic, and poet in the Urdu language who served as the dean of the Faculty of Arts at the Aligarh Muslim University. He was the editor of Tehzeeb-ul-Akhlaq and authored books such as The Criticism of Poetry. He translated E. M. Forster's Aspects of the Novel into Urdu as Novel ka Fun. He was conferred with the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2009, and the Ghalib Award in 2013.
Abul Kalam Qasmi
|Born||20 December 1950|
Darbhanga, Bihar, India
|Died||8 July 2021 (aged 70)|
Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Main interests||Urdu literature, Urdu criticism|
|Notable works||The Criticism of Poetry, Novel ka Fun|
Qasmi was an alumnus of the Darul Uloom Deoband, Jamia Millia Islamia and the Aligarh Muslim University. He served as the head professor of the Urdu department of Aligarh Muslim University between 1996 and 1999. He was considered a major pillar of Urdu criticism.
Abul Kalam Qasmi was born on 20 December 1950 in Darbhanga, Bihar. He received his primary education at Madrasa Qāsim al-Ulūm Hussainiya, and graduated in the dars-e-nizami from the Darul Uloom Deoband in 1967. He did his intermediate studies at the Jamia Millia Islamia and received a B.A. and an M.A. from the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in 1973 and 1975 respectively. His teachers included Anzar Shah Kashmiri.
Qasmi became a lecturer at the AMU in 1976 and was appointed a Reader in 1984, the same year he received his PhD degree. He compiled two course books for the university's Urdu department in 1980. In 1993, he was appointed a professor of comparative literature. He edited the Aligarh Magazine during 1975 and 1976 and served as the chief-editor of two-monthly magazine Alfāz, Aligarh from 1976 to 1980. Between 1983 and 1985, he was the chief-editor of Inkār, Aligarh. In 1996, he became the editor of Tehzeeb-ul-Akhlaq. He was a member of the executive council of the National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language from 1998 to 2003. He served as the head professor of the AMU's Urdu department from 16 June 1996 to 15 June 1999. He also served as the dean of the AMU's Faculty of Arts. Mujawir Husain Rizvi, who was a professor of Urdu literature at the University of Allahabad, would call him as the "Father of the Pen" (Abul Qalam), for his literary contributions.
Qasmi was considered a major pillar of Urdu criticism after Gopi Chand Narang and Shamsur Rahman Faruqi. He received the Bihar Urdu Academy Award in 1980, and the Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Award in 1987 and 1993. He was conferred with the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2009 and the Ghalib Award in 2013. He died on 8 July 2021 in Aligarh. Tariq Mansoor expressed sorrow and termed his death as a big loss to the literary fraternity of India.
Qāsmi translated E. M. Forster's Aspects of the Novel into Urdu as Novel ka Fun. He authored books such as Kas̲rat-i Taʻbīr, Mashriqi She'riyāt aur Urdu Tanqīd ki Riwāyat, Shā'iri ki Tanqīd (The Criticism of Poetry) and Takhlīqi Tajruba. In January 2010, Qāsmi had 125 research articles in his credit. His compiled works include:
- Azādī ke baʻd Urdū t̤anz-o-mizāḥ
- Mashriq kī bāzyāft: Muḥammad Ḥasan ʻAskarī ke ḥavāle se (The Recovery of the East, with Reference to Muhammad Hasan Askari)
- Rashīd Aḥmad Ṣiddīqī, shak̲h̲ṣīyat aur adabī qadr-o-qīmat (Rasheed Ahmad Siddiqui, Life and His Literary Importance)
- Mirzā G̲h̲ālib: shak̲h̲ṣiyat aur shāʻirī (Mirza Ghalib: Personality and Poetry)
- Mushtaq Ahmad Sadaf, Abul Kalām Qāsmi: Shakhsiyat awr Adbi khidmāt, p. 17
- Qasmi 2013, p. 238.
- Mushtaq Ahmad Sadaf, Abul Kalām Qāsmi: Shakhsiyat awr Adbi khidmāt, p. 19
- Mushtaq Ahmad Sadaf, Abul Kalām Qāsmi: Shakhsiyat awr Adbi khidmāt, p. 20
- "Former chairpersons of the AMU's Urdu department". amu.ac.in. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
- "اردو کے نامور نقاد پروفیسر ابوالکلام قاسمی کا انتقال" [Famous Urdu critic Professor Abul Kalam Qasmi passes away]. Baseerat Online. 8 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
- Mushtaq Ahmad Sadaf, Abul Kalām Qāsmi: Shakhsiyat awr Adbi khidmāt, p. 191
- "پروفیسر ابو الکلام قاسمی کو ساہتیہ اکادمی انعام" [Professor Abul Kalam awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award]. Urdu Voice of America (in Urdu). 6 January 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
- "Awards". Milli Gazette. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
- "AMU MOURNS DEMISE OF PROF ABUL KALAM QASMI". Aligarh Muslim University. 9 July 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
- Mushtaq Ahmad Sadaf, Abul Kalām Qāsmi: Shakhsiyat awr Adbi khidmāt, p. 18
- "Books by Abul Kalam Qasmi". WorldCat. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
- "AMU honours its award winning faculty". Ummid. 2 January 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
- Mushtaq Ahmad Sadaf (June 2006). Abul Kalām Qāsmi: Shakhsiyat awr Adbi khidmāt [Abul Kalām Qāsmi: Life and literary contributions] (in Urdu). New Delhi: Kitab Numa. OCLC 72871627.
- Muʻīdur Raḥmān (2016). Nazr-i Abul Kalām Qāsmi [A Present to Abul Kalam Qasmi] (in Urdu). Ahmedabad: Educational Book House. ISBN 9789350738832.
- Qasmi, Nayab Hasan (2013). Darul Uloom Deoband Ka Sahafati ManzarNama (in Urdu). Deoband: Idara Tehqeeq-e-Islami. pp. 237–240.